Record Details

NHER Number:31242
Type of record:Monument
Name:Site of 19th century water meadows

Summary

Earthworks of 19th century floated water meadows were surveyed. The meadows were probably created in the 19th century by Nathan Lucas of Lynford Hall. Their creation was part a larger regional trend for reclamation and landscape improvement schemes carried out by large estates.The water medows arein close proximity to Lyford hall and gardens (NHER 5150 & NHER 30470).

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TL 814 944
Map Sheet:TL89SW
Parish:LYNFORD, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

Area of floated water meadows located in rough pasture south of the Wissey.
See (S1) in file.
K. Sussams (SAU), 31 May 1995.

(S2) gives extent of remains and puts site in its historical context.
E. Rose (NLA), 13 March 1996.

May 1996. Earthwork Survey.
Survey of earthwork remains of two areas of 19th-century watermeadow.
See report (S3) for plan and further details. This site was included in (S4) and the survey is also noted in (S5).
B. Cushion (NLA) in file. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 8 April 2015.

Survey by NIAS
As of 2000 this site was grazing land and details of the water channels could still be made out.
The site is now used for gravel extraction.
See (S6)
W. Arnold (HES), 31 January 2011

December 2013. Field visit.
The site and its earthworks survive - they have not be subject to quarrying.
D. Robertson (HES), 12 May 2014.

March 2019. Breckland National Mapping Programme.
An area of 19th century water meadows are seen as earthworks on aerial photographs and recently (2015) visualised lidar data (S7-S9). There are 4 main areas of water meadows with a 5th possible area located at TL 8144 9449. The water meadow ridges have been mapped by extent of area from the 1940s aerial photographs (S7). There is also a mounded area which may relate to a raised trackway and drainage ditches. The earthworks can be seen well on the 1940s aerial photographs and have eroded slightly over time, with their current extent visible on the visualised lidar data. It has previously been suggested (see above) that the earthworks have been levelled due to gravel extraction. However this area has not been subjected to gravel extraction and given the recent date of the lidar (S8) and Google Earth images (S9), the features most likely still survive as earthworks presently. The earthworks are in close proximity to Lynford hall and gardens (NHER 5150 & NHER 30470).
J.Powell (Norfolk Historic Environment Service), 19th March 2019.

Monument Types

  • BANK (EARTHWORK) (Unknown date)
  • DITCH (Unknown date)
  • BANK (EARTHWORK) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DITCH (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DRAINAGE DITCH (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TRACKWAY? (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WATER MEADOW (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Unpublished Document: Sussums, K.. 1995. Breckland Archaeological Survey Lynford Floated Water Meadows. 30 May.
<S2>Unpublished Report: Williamson, T. The Floated Water Meadows at Lynford.
<S3>Unpublished Contractor Report: Cushion, B. 1996. Proposed Mineral Extraction at Lynford, Norfolk. Report on Archaeological Evaluation. Stage 1: Earthwork Survey. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 174.
<S4>Monograph: Cushion, B. and Davison, A. 2003. Earthworks of Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. No 104. p 190.
<S5>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 1997. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1996. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt IV pp 547-564. p 554.
<S6>Archive: NIAS. Norfolk Industrial Archaeology Society Records.
<S7>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF/106G/UK/369 RP 3006-3007 08-JUN-1945 (HEA Original Print).
<S8>LIDAR Airborne Survey: Various. LIDAR Airborne Survey. LIDAR Lynford Forest Research 0.5m DTM 15-JUL-2015 (BNG Project, FC England, Fugro Geospatial).
<S9>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. EARTH.GOOGLE.COM 27-SEPT-2018 ACCESSED 19-MAR-2019 (Digital.

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5090Related to: Site of post-medieval floated water meadows (Monument)

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