Record Details

NHER Number:3113
Type of record:Monument
Name:Possible deserted medieval settlement, multi-period finds and prehistoric burnt mound

Summary

A medieval moat and associated enclosures, possibly representing a lost settlement are visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs. In 1959 flint and mortar foundations were discovered during ploughing. Finds collected included medieval and post-medieval pottery, coins, casting waste, jettons and metalwork. A 15th century gold ring with the Trinity illustrated on its central panel, a late medieval disc featuring the arms of England and a weight that may have been made in Germany are amongst the most important pieces of metalwork. A Roman harness fitting, prehistoric pot boliers and the site of a possible burnt mound have also been found. Metal-detecting between 2010 and 2017 recovered medieval and post-medieval coins, undated casting waste, a medieval strap-end and a post-medieval button.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TG02NE
Parish:GUESTWICK, BROADLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

1959. Context 1. [1].
Foundations of flint, mortar and a little brickwork discovered after drainage and ploughing.
Fragments of late medieval and post medieval pottery, iron slag, and bronze skillet leg.
Site of medieval farm?
See (S1).
R. R. Clarke (NCM).

19 March 1977.
Above site clearly visible as cropmark of moated site, under growing cereal, with considerable irregularities.
Within moat were many brick fragments, dark soil patches, oyster shells, bones, glazed and late medieval sherds.
To east at [2]: another rectangular enclosure, no finds.
At [3]: a prehistoric pot boiler concentration.
Context 2: a third rectangular enclosure, with a spread of medieval sherds and quern fragments.
Context 3: a fourth enclosure produced no concentration of finds, but six medieval sherds were recovered from the general area.
Addenda - also from context 1: part of a ?vessel - rivetted bronze sheet.
E. Rose (NAU).

August/September 1994. Metal detecting. Pipeline Field. Generally located finds at western end of field.
Medieval vessel leg, cast.
?Medieval lead dish, pelleted decoration on rim.
Late medieval buckle frame fragment, white metal coating and engraved decoration.
Early post medieval thimble and buckle.
16th century book clasp and sword belt plate.
One medieval and two post medieval coins.
See list in file.
Identified by J. Davies (NCM) and S. Margeson (NCM).
A. Rogerson (NLA), 15 November 1994.

1994. Fieldwalking.
From western part of field [4]:
?Prehistoric pot boiler spread at [5]
73 medieval pottery sherds (including 23 green-glazed Grimston).
2 medieval/post-medieval pottery sherds (Late Medieval Transitional).
5 post-medieval pottery sherds (Lead-Glazed Earthenware).

From eastern part of field [6]:
?Prehistoric pot boiler spread at [7].
80+ medieval pottery sherds.
1 undated iron rod, 1 iron ring and 3 fragments of iron slag.

Identified by W. Milligan (NCM), see notes in file [8].
P. Watkins (HES), 25 August 2016.

December 1994/January 1995. [9].
Three medieval coins.
Three medieval jettons.
Three post medieval coins.
One post medieval token.
One post medieval jetton.
See list in file.
Gorgeous 15th century gold iconographic ring showing the Trinity in central panel, flanked by narrow panels containing engraved flowers within pelleted borders. Shoulders and hoop decorated with alternately pelleted bands and flowers. [10].
Medieval lead square sheet counter or token, with merchant's mark including a 'W'.
Medieval cast lead token with intricate cast 'openwork' star in low relief.
Late medieval lead disc with arms of England and border containing rosettes made of pellets; similar rosettes around shield in centre.
15th century purse bar fragment, one arm with 'twisted' knob terminal.
Fragment of flange of medieval horse harness boss with rosette in low relief, iron on reverse from attachment bar.
Late medieval/early post medieval lead disc, ?broken, cast merchant's mark on one face, plant motif on other.
Late medieval/early post medieval cup weight, from set of nesting weights, ?made in Nuremberg.
Two early post medieval buckles.
Trefoil strap union, ?from spur, early post medieval.
Identified by J. Davies (NCM) and S. Margeson (NCM).
A. Rogerson (NLA), 9 June 1995.

October/November 1995. Metal detecting.
One medieval and one post medieval coins.
See list in file.
Identified by J. Davies (NCM).
Roman harness fitting.
Medieval buckle plate.
Medieval strap end with broken split end, circular terminal with pierced circular central hole and projecting animal head 'loop' for pendant or for hook or for counter plate.
Early post medieval hooked tag with relief leaf decoration.
Early post medieval hooked fastener, triangular, three raised triangles and loop on reverse, hook at 'apex'.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 5 April 1996.

October to November 1999. Metal detecting. [11].
Medieval buckle frame, belt mount, French jetton, chape.
Two coins unrecorded due to error.
See list in file.
K. Hinds (NLA), 25 February 2000.

December 2000/January 2001. Metal-detecting.
One medieval coin.
One post medieval jetton.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 13 February 2001.

March/April 2003. Metal-detecting.
3 medieval coins, 1 jetton, 1 lead ampulla.
2 post-medieval buckles, 2 buttons, 1 sword belt mount, 1 casket hinge plate.
1 post-medieval/modern lead bale seal.
Coins identified by A. Marsden (NLA) and objects by S. Ashley (NLA). See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 9 May 2003.
Updated by J. Page (HES), 5 February 2014.

March-April 2008. Metal-detecting
Neolithic biface, probably a wood-working tool, three medieval coins, medieval buckle, harness mount, medieval/post-medieval vessel, post-medieval cloth seal and an undatable metal object.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 12 May 2009.

May-June 2009. Metal detecting.
Quarter ryal of Edward IV,
see list in file,
A. Rogerson, (NLA), 16 July 2009

September-October 2010. Metal-detecting.
1 medieval coin.
1 post-medieval coin, 1 post-medieval button.
Coins identified by A. Marsden (NLA), objects by S. Ashley (NLA). See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 15 November 2010.
Updated by J. Page (HES), 5 February 2014.

For further information on the ampulla from this site, see (S2).

October 2011.
Further study of aerial photographs suggest this is a lost medieval settlement located on the Guestwick / Hindolveston parish boundary. A moated site and several enclosures are visible and associated with numerous medieval and early post medieval finds. No settlement is shown in Faden or on the 1st edition Ordance Survey mapping.
K. Powell (HES). 7 October 2011.

March 2017. Metal-detecting. [12].
1 medieval coin.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 18 April 2017.

October 2017. Metal-detecting. [13].
Undated casting waste.
Medieval strap-end.
Information from PAS import.
E. McDonald (HES), 4 October 2017.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • RECTANGULAR ENCLOSURE (Unknown date)
  • BURNT MOUND (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BUILDING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FARMYARD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MOAT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUILDING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • CASTING WASTE (Unknown date)
  • RING (Unknown date)
  • ROD (Unknown date)
  • SLAG (Unknown date)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Unknown date)
  • VESSEL (Undated)
  • POT BOILER (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT BOILER (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC? to 42 AD?)
  • ADZE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • CHISEL (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • HARNESS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • AMPULLA (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DISC (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • GAMING PIECE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • JETTON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PURSE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • QUERN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SCABBARD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SKILLET (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOKEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOKEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1250 AD to 1450 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1279 AD to 1279 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1400 AD to 1500 AD)
  • BOOK FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLOTH SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPUR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SWORD BELT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • VESSEL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TG 0528C-G.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Photograph: Unknown. Photocopy of photographs of 15th century gold ring.
---Serial: 1959. Council for British Archaeology Group 7 Bulletin of Archaeological Discoveries for 1959. No. 6. p 3.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Miscellaneous. Guestwick.
<S1>Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
<S2>Article in Serial: Anderson, W. 2010. Blessing the Fields? A Study of Late-medieval Ampullae from England and Wales. Medieval Archaeology. Vol LIV pp 182-203. p 187.

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