Record Details

NHER Number:284
Type of record:Monument
Name:Multi-period finds and features, Botolph Street (formerly St George's Street)


Excavations in 1975 revealed part of the city's Late Saxon defensive ditch and evidence of 13th and 14th century iron working, together with contemporary pottery fragments. The site was in domestic use in the 16th and 17th centuries, similar to the sites NHER 170 and 281 on Botolph Street, with a large hall house being constructed in the later 16th century,

Images - none


Grid Reference:TG 2297 0938
Map Sheet:TG20NW

Full description

1975. Excavation by J.P. Roberts and A. Davison for Norwich Survey on site owned by Town and City Properties, Bradford, architects Schoolheffes and Birley. The site adjoined NHER 170.
11th century: Defensive ditch found running north-to-south on east limit of excavation. (Also found on NHER 281). Thetford Ware.
13th to 14th century: Iron working. Four hearths and associated ash slag.
There were no definable structures.
13th/14th century glazed and unglazed pottery. Sealed by soil build up.
16th/17th century: Domestic use similar to NHER 170 and NHER 281 on Botolph Street, but only fragmentary survival.
Large hall building in 16th century.
J. Roberts.

Materials include Roman-20th century.
(S2) published as 178-188 St George's Street.

Full report in (S6). See also drawing of medieval bone pit (S10).

1998. Desk-based Assessment.
Following an earlier archaeological assessment (S7), a further desktop study confirms a likely early gateway in the Late Saxon defences, where Botolph Street enters, for traffic from the north-west. The area on the north-east side of Botolph was open for some centuries; the town ditch seems to have survived as a recognisable landmark, although mostly infilled and converted into a lane, to be recorded in the medieval Enrolled Deeds. A small area on Magdalen Street may have lain at the south end of a former market area, overlooked by St Botolph's church, and now completely lost through infilling and the modern loss of Botolph Street.
See report (S7) for further details. The results of this assessment are also summarised in (S8).
D. Holburn (HES), 5 December 2011.

Monument Types

  • DITCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • TOWN DEFENCES (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BLOOMERY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HEARTH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • IRON WORKING SITE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HALL HOUSE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Monograph: Jennings, S. 1981. Eighteen Centuries of Pottery from Norwich. East Anglian Archaeology. No 13.
---Unpublished Contractor Report: Penn, K. 1997. Pitt Street, Norwich. An Archaeological Impact Assessment. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 248.
---Record Card: NCM Staff. 1973-1989. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card - Norwich.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Norwich - Post Roman.
---*Rolled Plan: Large Plan Exists.
---Slide: Various. Slide.
<S2>Article in Serial: Atkin, M. W., Carter, A., Baxter, M., Donaldson, P. and Roberts, J. P. 1976. Excavations in Norwich - 1975/1976. The Norwich Survey - Fifth Interim Report. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XXXVI Pt III pp 191-201. pp 199-200.
<S3>Publication: 1975. Archaeol.Ex.. pp 107-108.
<S4>Article in Serial: Cherry, J. 1976. Post-Medieval Britain in 1975. Post-Medieval Archaeology. Vol 10 pp 161-175. p 165.
<S5>Article in Serial: Webster, L. E. and Cherry, J. 1976. Medieval Britain in 1975. Medieval Archaeology. Vol XX pp 158-201. p 167.
<S6>Article in Monograph: Evans, D. H. and Davison, A. 1985. Excavations on Botolph Street and St George's Street (Sites 170N, 281N and 284N). Excavations in Norwich 1971-1978; Part II. East Anglian Archaeology. Atkin, M., Carter, A. and Evans, D. H.. No 26 pp 87-143. Microfiche.
<S7>Unpublished Contractor Report: Penn, K. 1997. Pitt Street, Norwich. An Archaeological Impact Assessment. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 248.
<S8>Unpublished Contractor Report: Penn, K. 1999. Pitt Street, Norwich. An Archaeological Impact Assessment (Supplement to NAU Report 248). Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 373.
<S9>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 1999. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1998. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIII Pt II pp 369-387. p 378.
<S10>Illustration: [Unknown]. [Unknown]. Drawing of a medieval bone pin. Paper. Unknown.

Related records

Mon 648Parent of: 178-188 St Georges Street (Monument)
Mon 640Parent of: 49-63 Botolph Street (Monument)
Mon 641Parent of: 49-63 Botolph Street (Monument)
Mon 642Parent of: 49-63 Botolph Street (Monument)
Site 996Parent of: Botolph Street (?178-188 St. George's Street) (Monument)

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