Record Details

NHER Number:26409
Type of record:Monument
Name:Carrow Works


Carrow Works is a factory complex, the earliest part of which was built in 1856 by the Colman family (when the site was known as Paper Mill Yard). A number of parts of this complex are listed Grade II, including the main block 7/7A/8/8A, which is of brick and dates variously to 1870, 1881 and 1898 (NHER 58589). Block 60, a former barley and groat mill (NHER 58591) is also listed, as is Block 92 (NHER 58590), parts of which date variously to 1857, 1874 and 1878.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TG 242 075
Map Sheet:TG20NW

Full description

Carrow Works.
Factory complex. Dates from around 1870 to around 1930.

A number of the surviving buildings are now listed Grade II including:
Blocks 7, 7A, 8 and 8A (NHER 58589). Brick, part around 1870, part dated 1881 and 1898; parapet 1939. Replaced original buildings of 1856 after a fire.
Block 60 (NHER 58591). Former barley and groat mill.
Block 92 (NHER 58590). 1857, 1874 and 1878; offices to original Paper Mill Yard.
Excluded from the listing are Blocks 5 and 20a-c in the centre of the complex.

For full details of construction and history see duplicate of (S1) and (S2) in file.

There is also a fine cast iron sewer vent pipe, noted by A. Rogerson (NLA) and Norfolk Industrial Archaeology Society.
Compiled by E. Rose (NLA), 23 November 1993.

See Norfolk Industrial Archaeology Society survey on fiche (includes 1985 survey of barley mill, ?now gone?).

1993. Desk Based Assessment.
Archaeological study and historical evaluation by RPS Clouston ahead of proposed development.
See reports (S3) and (S4). See also borehole logs (S5).
T. Sunley (NLA) 30 October 2007. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 25 March 2015.

Press cuttings (S6) and (S7) also in file.
T. Sunley (NLA) 30 October 2007.

See (S8) for the history of J. and J. Colman.
S. Howard (NLA), 13 May 2010.

NIAS have a comprehensive record of the site from surveys and historical sources including building assessments, listed building details, historic map analyses and sequential plans and lists of the buildings construction, demolition and modification dates as well as documents on company history,modern site re-development plans, details of the machinery used and a detailed photographic record.
See (S9)
W. Arnold (HES), 16 Febuary 2011.

Monument Types

  • FACTORY (19th Century - 1856 AD to 1900 AD?)
  • MILL (19th Century - 1856 AD to 1900 AD?)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Fiche: Exists.
<S1>Designation: English Heritage. National Heritage List for England.
<S2>Illustration: Various. Various. Architectural plans.
<S3>Unpublished Contractor Report: RPS Clouston. 1993. Proposed Development at the Carrow Works, Norwich: Report on Archaeological Study. RPS Clouston.
<S4>Unpublished Contractor Report: RPS Clouston. 1993. The Paper Mill Yard, Carrow, Norwich. Historical Evaluation report. RPS Clouston.
<S5>Unpublished Contractor Report: RPS Clouston. 1993. The Paper Mill Yard, Carrow, Norwich. Borehole Logs. RPS Clouston.
<S6>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1995. [Photograph of Carrow Works after the blaze of 26-27 June 1942]. 6 May.
<S7>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2003. Prime site hits market. 27 September.
<S8>Unpublished Document: Edgar, S. H.. The history of J. & J. Colman.
<S9>Archive: NIAS. Norfolk Industrial Archaeology Society Records.

Related records

58591Parent of: Block 60, Carrow Works (Building)
58590Parent of: Block 92, Carrow Works (Building)
58589Parent of: Blocks 7, 7a, 8a and 8, Carrow Works (Building)
54761Parent of: Early 20th century retaining wall and revetment (Monument)
MNO9698Related to: Carrow Works: Blocks 7, 7A, 8A and 8 & att metal canopy King Street NORWICH (Revoked)

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