Record Details

NHER Number:26406
Type of record:Monument
Name:12th century quay or building, Quayside

Summary

During the medieval period Quayside was used by shell fishermen to unload their boats, and thick deposits of shells have been noted at nearby sites. Trial excavations on the south bank of the River Wensum at Quayside were undertaken in 1993, and a number of interesting archaoelogical features were noted. Of particular interest were a number of medieval waterlogged organic deposits, which included wood, structural timbers, leatherworking debris and wickerwork. The timbers were identified as structural components of the quayside or a collapsed building. Dendrochronological analysis dated their felling to the summer of AD 1146.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 2333 0905
Map Sheet:TG20NW
Parish:NORWICH, NORWICH, NORFOLK

Full description

26 July to 6 August 1993. Trial Trenching.
Three trial pits excavated adjacent to south face of river wall.
Middle Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval and post-medieval pottery sherds and other finds. Wickerwork, timber and leather were preserved in 12th century layers.
Timbers from quayside or collapsed building.
See report (S1) for further details. The results of this work are also summarised in (S2).
Compiled by K. Forrest (NAU), 28 July 1993. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 25 March 2015.

Dendro date for felling of timber, summer AD 1146.
E. Rose (NLA), 23 March 1995.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TIMBER FRAMED BUILDING (12th Century to 16th Century - 1146 AD to 1539 AD?)
  • WHARF (12th Century to 16th Century - 1146 AD to 1539 AD?)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MANUFACTURING DEBRIS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MOLLUSCA REMAINS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SHOE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BRICK (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: GZZ, GZY.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Slide: Various. Slide.
---Fiche: Exists.
<S1>Unpublished Contractor Report: Ayers, B. and Leah, M. 1993. Trial Excavations at Quayside, Norwich. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 75.
<S2>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 1994. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1993. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt I pp 115-123. p 120.

Related records - none

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