Record Details

NHER Number:24980
Type of record:Monument
Name:Medieval tofts and fishponds at Hall Farm


Earthworks of fishponds and a series of medieval tofts can be seen on aerial photographs. These earthworks have been surveyed. Remedial work was carried out in 2002.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TL 7288 9480
Map Sheet:TL79SW

Full description

5 January 1979. CUCAP aerial photography.
Rectangular enclosures under snow - shrunken village?
Possibly includes the 'fishponds' noted by Ordnance Survey as at site NHER 4935.
E. Rose (NAU) and D. Edwards (NAU), 14 December 1988.

Field south of farm drive under good pasture, grazed by horses.
Undulations visible. To north field unmanaged, rough grass.
No earthworks definable.
H. Paterson (NLA), 12 March 1996.

April 1996. Earthwork Survey.
Survey at 1:1000 of southern part of earthworks.
Surveyed area comprises a series of ditched subrectangular enclosures extending eastwards to a sinuous probably former watercourse, with an incomplete banked enclosure and truncated boundary features on the higher ground to the west, indicating a likely series of medieval tofts (houses and garden).
See report (S1) further details and copy of plan (S2). This survey is also noted in (S5).
B. Cushion (NLA), April 1996.

25 July 1996. NLA air photography.
Earthworks visible, in particular to the southern edge of the site.
S. Massey (NLA), 22 November 2001.

October 2002.
Drainage trench dug across the earthworks and some features infilled along the east edge.
See (S3) in file.
Works by Norfolk County Council Planning and Transportation.
D. Gurney (NLA), 1 November 2002.

November 2002. Watching Brief.
Monitoring of remedial works.
See report (S4) for further details.
D. Gurney (NLA), 20 December 2002.

Monument Types

  • POND (Unknown date)
  • WATERCOURSE (Unknown date)
  • BANK (EARTHWORK) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FISHPOND (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SHRUNKEN VILLAGE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOFT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Unknown date)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Protected Status


Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TL7394 H-J (CUCAP CIA 13-14).
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TL 7294D - F.
---Unpublished Document: Gurney, D.. 2002. Email.
---Unpublished Document: Major, J.. 2002. Letter.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Illustration: Cushion, B. 1996. Plan of earthworks at Methwold SMR 24980 (part). Film. 1:1000.
<S1>Unpublished Report: Cushion, B. 1996. Methwold SMR24980 (part). Earthwork Survey Report.
<S3>Map: Gurney, D.. 2002. Annotated map of field observations. 31 October.
<S4>Unpublished Contractor Report: Cushion, B. 2002. Hall Farm, Methwold. Remedial work to earthworks. Brian Cushion Archaeological & Cartographical Surveyor.
<S5>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 1997. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1996. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt IV pp 547-564. p 555.

Related records

36370Related to: Possible medieval to post medieval enclosures (Monument)

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