Record Details

NHER Number:23718
Type of record:Find Spot
Name:Late Saxon crucible fragments and other finds


Fragments of Roman, Late Saxon, medieval and post medieval pottery; Roman and medieval roof tile and Late Saxon crucible fragments were found in a sewer trench. Analysis of the crucibles showed they had been used for melting copper with traces of zinc and lead.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TF 6662 2482
Map Sheet:TF62SE

Full description

20 May 1987.
Detailed (S1) in file of location. Depth of empty plot to east of road along south boundary of church.
Line of sewer pipe already installed. Poor conditions for recovery to east of plot, trench covered with gravel for pub car park so not examinable. Various soil colours and textures visible in backfill.
Several medieval peg roof tiles (one collected as sample).
Base probably Thetford type, very hard fine.
Five Grimston Thetford/unglazed Grimston.
Eighteen medieval unglazed, mostly early medieval type.
One developed Stamford.
Five glazed three Grimston, one West Norfolk bichrome and one post medieval greenglazed (other post medieval not collected).
Twnety four sherds representing several vessels of crucibles in probable Thetford type fabric, all with signs of use including slaggy deposits.

23 June 1987. Additional finds after more weathering.
Roman shelly jar rim.
Fragment reduced tile Roman?
Two probable Thetford type body sherds.
Four Grimston Thetford or unglazed Grimston sherds.
Twenty medieval unglazed mostly early medieval-ish.
Two glazed Grimston including fragment of aquamanile or similar.
Rim of 16th? century glazed.
Eleven Thetford type fabrics with slaggy deposit.
Twelve crucible sherds.
See report (S2) for details of analysis of crucible sherds, which showed evidence for bronze working.
A. Rogerson (NAU), 24 June 1987.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon to 19th Century - 851 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • CRUCIBLE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Map: Finder's Map..
<S2>Unpublished Contractor Report: Heyworth, M. 1987. Crucible Fragments from Castle Rising, Norfolk. Ancient Monuments Laboratory. 211/87.

Related records - none

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