Record Details

NHER Number:22927
Type of record:Monument
Name:Late Bronze Age, Roman and medieval site, multi-period objects

Summary

Although a number of fragments of Bronze Age artefacts have been recovered, the list of finds from this area is dominated by objects from the Roman period. This includes tegula and box tile fragments, as well as pottery sherds and coins. In addition an evaluation and excavation in 2000 revealed Roman ditches and an oven or hearth, as well as a medieval pit. As a result it has been suggested that a Roman site of high status existed in or near to this area.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TM 21 85
Map Sheet:TM28NW
Parish:PULHAM ST MARY, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

August 1986. Found with metal detector. General finds scatter is context 1. [1]
Bronze Age bronze spear tip, compare with (S1).
Bronze chape fragment of unknown date and use.
Bronze hollow ring of unknown section, approximate diametre 2.25 inches (5.7cm) date?
See (S2), (S3), secondary file.
W. Milligan (NCM) , 29 August 1986.

25 September 1987. Metal detecting.
Fragment of Late Bronze Age sword handle.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 21 March 2007.

1988. Further finds, list and plot in secondary file.
17th century buckle; Bronze Age sword hilt fragment (found 1987).
Roman greyware 1st to 2nd century sherds (one very odd fabric).
Coin of Constans, centenionalis, FEL TEMP REPARATIO, hut on reverse, minted in Aquleia, dating to AD 348-50.
Sestertius, Marcus Aurelius, reverse illegible, dating to AD 161-180.
Tegula fragment and boxtile fragments.
Medieval sherds.
W. Milligan (NCM) July 1988.

1 Septmber 1989. Metal detecting.
Cutting edge of Late Bronze Age socketed axe.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 21 March 2007.

1993. [2].
Fragment of side of topstone from puddingstone quern.
See photographs.
W. Milligan (NCM), 26 February 1993.

1997. Metal detector find. [3]
Probably part of a very large hooked tag made from lead. Hook missing. Characteristic trapezoidal loop and circular relief decorated plate. Lions head design on plate is turned on its side. Unusual because of large size. Early post medieval.
V. Fryer (NCM), 27 May 1997.

September 2000. Trial Trench, Excavation and Watching Brief.
Trial trench evaluation and subsequent excavation of area of proposed new house. The excavation of foundation trenches for an adjacent garage was also monitored.
Revealed Roman ditches and an oven/hearth, also a medieval pit.
The finds suggest a high status Roman site nearby.
See report (S4) for further details. The results of this work are also summarised (S5).
The associated archive has been deposited with the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2017.447).
D. Gurney (NLA), 23 February 2001. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 27 May 2019.

January 2002.
The northern part of this site was made into domestic gardens in 2001, but permitted development rights have been removed. i.e. their owners cannot build garden sheds, Swimming pools etc without planning permission.
Decision notice in file.
E. Rose (NLA), 2 January 2002.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • DITCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HEARTH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • OVEN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PIT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PIT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • RING (Undated)
  • SCABBARD (Undated)
  • SPEAR (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • SWORD (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • HOARD (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • SOCKETED AXEHEAD (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • SWORD (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRICK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FLUE TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FLUE TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • NAIL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • NEEDLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • OYSTER SHELL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • QUERN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • WINDOW (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • QUERN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PANTILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Fiche: Exists.
<S1>Publication: NCM. Bronze Age Catalogue. Fig 65.
<S2>Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
<S3>Illustration: Finds Illustrations.
<S4>Unpublished Contractor Report: Bates, S. 2000. Report on an Archaeological Evaluation and Excavation at Land Adjacent to Church Terrace, The Street, Pulham St Mary. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 529.
<S5>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 2001. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 2000. Norfolk Archaeology. XLIII Pt IV pp 707-728. p 723.

Related records - none

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