Record Details

NHER Number:20639
Type of record:Monument
Name:Site of Roman settlement, Early Saxon and Late Saxon settlement, and multi-period finds

Summary

A Roman settlement was located close to this site, and fragments of Roman pottery have been found during field walking. This is also the site of a small Early Saxon settlement, and fragments of Early Saxon pottery have been found during field walking. A small Late Saxon settlement may also have developed on, or close to, this site. A pit of unknown date, filled with burnt flints was observed in foundation trenches in 1996. Field walking and metal detecting on the site has recovered prehistoric flints, fragments of pottery dating from the Iron Age to the post medieval periods, a medieval buckle and strap fittings, and a post medieval buckle and button.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 91 12
Map Sheet:TF91SW
Parish:FRANSHAM, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

April 1979. Field walking. Ordnance Survey Field Great Fransham 210. Poor conditions.
Roman bowl rim, medieval sherds including Grimston; post medieval sherd.
See (S1).
Identified by A. Rogerson (NAU)
E. Rose (NAU) 6 September 1984

1985 and 1986.
Field walking in better conditions produced many more finds of above; also Late Saxon sherds, flints, and Early Saxon/ Middle Saxon/Iron Age sherds.
Details in (S1).
E. Rose (NAU) 7 November 1986.

1989. Further gridded field walking, context 28
See (S1).
A. Rogerson (NAU) September 1989

5 June 1996. Observation of stancheon pits, cross wall foundation trenches and roughly-stripped surface for construction of new grain store adjacent to other farm building to east. For ngr see Notes.
Conditions poor in heavy clay subsoil.
Only one feature noted, in pit in centre of south end of building: a small ? pit, east part of in east face of stancheon pit. Cut 250mm into natural clay, width north to south 450mm. Filling of whitened burnt flints, some pinkish burnt, a little blackish clay soil, some pieces of charcoal. No finds, located at above grid reference.
Feature apparently ancient.
See (S1).
A. Rogerson (NLA) 5 June 1996.

18 March 1998. Metal detecting.
Medieval/Post medieval buckle.
Post medieval button.
Medieval sherds.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 18 May 1998.

23 April 1998. Metal detecting finds.
1 prehistoric flint.
2 medieval strap ends.
1 medieval architectural fragment.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 4 June 1998.

Monument Types

  • PIT (Unknown date)
  • SETTLEMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)

Associated Finds

  • PLANT REMAINS (Unknown date)
  • POT (Unknown date)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT BOILER (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---*Fieldwork: Fransham Survey. G210. AJGR.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Archive: Fransham Field Walking Boxfile.

Related records - none

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