Record Details

NHER Number:15917
Type of record:Monument
Name:World War Two pillbox


A World War Two pillbox is located to the north of Happisburgh lighthouse (NHER 7092). During the war it stood amongst barbed wire obstructions (NHER 38770).


  • A World War Two pillbox  © Norfolk Museums & Archaeology Service


Grid Reference:TG 3849 3066
Map Sheet:TG33SE

Full description

Pillbox. Polygonal. Located from NAU aerial photographs.
E. Rose (NAU), 25 March 1980.

See record form (S1) in file by source [1], who adds: Common 1940 type 22A pillbox in field below lighthouse, facing east.
D. Walker (NLA), August 1996.

September 2004. Norfolk NMP. The grid reference for this pillbox has been changed from TG 38533062 to TG 38493066.
An extant World War Two type 22 hexagonal pillbox is visible on aerial photographs ((S2) to (S5)). It is possible that it was positioned to protect the lighthouse (NHER 7092). See also related barbed wire defences (NHER 38770).
See (S2) to (S5).
J. Albone (NMP), 1 September 2004.

December 2004. Norfolk Rapid Coastal Zone Archaeological Survey.
Land-based survey; Area A65, Context 17:
The pillbox was recorded.
See assessment report (S6) for further details.
The associated archive has been deposited with the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2017.421).
D. Robertson (NLA), 13 February 2006. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 20 July 2019.

Monument Types

  • PILLBOX (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: Kent, P.. 2001. KHL 4-6.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Recording Form: [various]. Norfolk Defensive Structures Survey Recording Form. Norfolk Defensive Structures Survey.
<S2>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1995. NHER TG 3830AM-AQ (NLA 357/HHJ12-15) 15-AUG-1995.
<S3>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1983. NHER TG 3830F-G (NLA 131/ASP14-15) 15-APR-1983.
<S4>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1634 1091-2 09-JUL-1946 (Norfolk SMR TG 3830B-C).
<S5>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1985. NHER TG 3830H-K (NLA 163/AYN12-14) 08-JUL-1985.
<S6>Unpublished Contractor Report: Robertson, D., Crawley, P., Barker, A., and Whitmore, S. 2005. Norfolk Rapid Coastal Zone Archaeological Survey. Assessment Report and Updated Project Design. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 1045. p 134; Fig 60.

Related records - none

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