Record Details

NHER Number:15875
Type of record:Monument
Name:Site of Roman settlement and multi-period finds

Summary

This is the site of a Roman settlement, which continues as NHER 20590 and NHER 20647. Fieldwalking between 1978 and 1995 and metal-detecting between 1995 and 2015 recovered prehistoric worked flints including a Neolithic stone axe; Roman, Early, Middle and Late Saxon, medieval and post-medieval pottery; Roman, medieval and post-medieval coins; medieval and post-medieval jettons and undated and Roman to post-medieval metal objects. The metal finds include Roman brooches and a finger-ring; an Early Saxon ring, annular brooch and a button from a wrist clasp; medieval to post-medieval dress accessories; a medieval rivet, seal matrix, ampulla, pot mends and window came fragments; medieval/post-medieval vessel fragments, lead weights, thimbles, a 'paper-clip' rivet, copper alloy ring and a writing lead; post-medieval window came fragments, a copper alloy stud and lead cloth seals and an undated ring and casting waste.

Images

  • Early Saxon ring from NHER 15875  © Norfolk County Council
  • Undatable casting waste from NHER 15875  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon annular brooch from NHER 15875  © Norfolk County Council
  • Medieval seal matrix from NHER 15875  © Norfolk County Council
  • Medieval seal matrix from NHER 15875  © Norfolk County Council
  • Post Medieval button from NHER 15875  © Norfolk County Council
  • Post Medieval cloth seal from NHER 15875  © Norfolk County Council
  • Post Medieval cloth seal from NHER 15875  © Norfolk County Council
  • Romano-British bell from NHER 15875  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon sleeve clasp from NHER 15875  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon sleeve clasp from NHER 15875  © Norfolk County Council

Location

Grid Reference:TF 90 13
Map Sheet:TF91SW
Parish:FRANSHAM, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

8 and 9 March 1980. On field surface.
Struck flints all over field.
In southeast corner of field, cutting edge of stone axe.
Gilt Roman disc brooch (with enamel inlay).
Axe identified as Group I, Cornwall (petrology N244), see (S1).
Scatter of Roman and medieval sherds.
See (S2).
A. Rogerson (NAU), 10 March 1980.

1978 to 1982. Fieldwalking over field also produced in addition to above.
Early Saxon, Ipswich Thetford and post medieval wares.
Roman sherds including Samian.
See (S2).
Found by A. Rogerson (NAU).
E. Rose (NAU), 23 Aug 1984.

27 February 1995. Metal-detecting. Found by [1] in presence of A. Rogerson (NLA). For NGR see Notes.
Medieval coin. See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 21 March 1995.

27 February 1995.
Early post-medieval buckle. See (S2).
A. Rogerson, 6 January 1999.

21 September 2000. Metal-detecting. Field work no: G95. [2].
Stubble (cereal). Visibility on ground very poor. Detection 15% efficiency.
Late medieval/early post-medieval flat-topped thickened rim of cast copper alloy vessel with exterior sooting. Apparently a bowl of considerable diameter (>70mm).
A. Rogerson (NLA), 30 November 2000.

February 2001. Metal-detecting.
15th/16th century buckle.
Medieval sherd.
See description and sketch plan in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 20 April 2002.

April-May 2011. Metal-detecting.
Romano-British, Early Saxon, medieval, post-medieval and undatable metal objects.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 14 June 2011.

December 2011-January 2012. Metal-detecting.
Two prehistoric flint flakes, two Roman, four medieval and five post-medieval coins, one medieval and three post-medieval jettons, undatable, Roman, Early Saxon, medieval, medieval/post-medieval and post-medieval RB, ES, med, med/post-med & post-med metal objects. N. B. Some of the finds are probably from HER 4193 and 20587, but were not differentiated. As a much larger number of objects were recorded on this occasion from this site (or former field) than from the other two, the unnumbered and unlettered finds are listed under HER 15875.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 17 February 2012.

February-March 2012. Metal-detecting.
Two post-medieval cloth seals.
See description in file.
S. Ashley (HES), 23 April 2012.

March-April 2015. Metal-detecting. [3].
1 Roman coin.
Early Saxon button from a wrist clasp (S3).
2 medieval coins and strap-end.
Medieval/post-medieval "paper-clip" rivet.
Post-medieval copper alloy stud.
The Roman to Late Saxon bell previously recorded under this number is now recorded under NHER 45424.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 1 June 2015.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman to Late Saxon - 43 AD to 1065 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • CASTING WASTE (Unknown date)
  • RING (Unknown date)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLAKE (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POLISHED AXEHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • DOLPHIN BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 138 AD to 192 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 260 AD to 378 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD to 335 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • RING (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 475 AD to 550 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • AMPULLA (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BELL (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CAME (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT MEND (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RING (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • RIVET (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SEAL MATRIX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STYLUS (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1190 AD to 1200 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1205 AD to 1207 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1251 AD to 1272 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval to 17th Century - 1300 AD to 1700 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1351 AD to 1377 AD)
  • JETTON (Medieval - 1415 AD to 1497 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1427 AD to 1430 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1476 AD to 1483 AD)
  • JETTON (Medieval to 16th Century - 1500 AD to 1584 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CAME (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLOTH SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • VESSEL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (16th Century - 1554 AD to 1558 AD)
  • COIN (16th Century - 1561 AD to 1582 AD)
  • COIN (16th Century - 1575 AD to 1575 AD)
  • JETTON (16th Century to 17th Century - 1586 AD to 1651 AD)
  • STUD (16th Century to 17th Century - 1600 AD to 1700 AD)
  • COIN (17th Century - 1614 AD to 1625 AD)
  • COIN (17th Century - 1625 AD to 1649 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---*Fieldwork: Fransham Survey. G 95. AJGR.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Illustration: Unknown. 1980. Drawing of a Neolithic stone axe.. Paper. 1:1.
<S2>Archive: Fransham Field Walking Boxfile.
<S3>Illustration: Gibbons, J. 2015. Drawing of Early Saxon button from wrist-clasp. Film. 2:1.

Related records - none

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