Record Details

NHER Number:15654
Type of record:Monument
Name:World War Two pillbox


A World War Two pillbox visible as a structure on aerial photographs of the area. This part of a larger defensive system around Brancaster Golf Club House. The pillbox was later used as a foundation for a small wooden structure, perhaps a lookout or beach hut.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TF 76995 45134
Map Sheet:TF74NE

Full description

Immediately west of golf club house, exposed by high tidal scour from bank.
Pill box. World War Two.
E. Rose (NAU), 23 January 1980.

Concrete, polygonal, cast in corrugated iron. Large splayed gunports. Now full of sand.
E. Rose (NAU), 22 April 1982.

See (S1) which adds:
Type 20E pillbox - rare in this form. Facing west. Date 1940.
Survey No. C1-7.
D. Walker (NLA), July 1996.

April 2002. Norfolk NMP. (NGR corrected).
Type 20E pillbox, situated within right angled kink in the beach defensive scaffold (NHER 26713), and was presumably positioned to work in conjunction with it. The structure appears to have later been utilised as a foundation for a small wooden structure (lookout/beach hut), visible on 1953 oblique image (S2).
M. Brennand (NMP), 30 April 2002.

July-August 2002. Watching Brief.
Recorded during monitoring of groundworks associated with the construction of new flood defences.
See NHER 36803 and report (S4) for further details.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 11 May 2015.

May-November 2004. Norfolk Rapid Coastal Survey. Context 708.
A Second World War pillbox was located at TF 76991 45136, adjacent to modern sea wall and sand dunes.
See assessment report (S5) for further details.
The associated archive has been deposited with the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2017.421).
J. Allen (NLA), 15 April 2005. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 20 July 2019.

Monument Types

  • PILLBOX (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: Kent, P.. 1994. KHE 34.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Recording Form: [various]. Norfolk Defensive Structures Survey Recording Form. Norfolk Defensive Structures Survey.
<S2>Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1953. RAF N258/1010 0064 03-FEB-1953 (SMR TF 7644F).
<S3>Vertical Aerial Photograph: BKS. 1988. BKS 8272 27-MAY-1988 (NCC 0767).
<S4>Unpublished Contractor Report: Thomson, S. 2003. Archaeological Watching Brief During Groundworks Associated with New Flood Defences, Brancaster, Norfolk. Archaeological Project Services. 72/03.
<S5>Unpublished Contractor Report: Robertson, D., Crawley, P., Barker, A., and Whitmore, S. 2005. Norfolk Rapid Coastal Zone Archaeological Survey. Assessment Report and Updated Project Design. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 1045.

Related records - none

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