Record Details

NHER Number:15115
Type of record:Monument
Name:World War Two pillbox


A World War Two pillbox. It is unusual as it has a mount for a light anti aircraft gun fixed to its roof. It was located close to a possible radio counter measures station (NHER 38977) and may have been associated with it.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TG 2949 3773
Map Sheet:TG23NE

Full description

Pillbox. South of road on vanished field boundary.

August 1979. Visit.
Concrete, octagonal, with brick structure on roof from which rises a metal cone. Ruinous. Metal cone is a machine gun support.
E. Rose (NAU), 2 August 1979.

See record form (S1) in file by source [1], who adds: Common type 22 pillbox with rare gun mount, about 1940.
D. Walker (NLA), July 1996.

December 2004. Norfolk NMP.
NMP mapping has led to the alteration of the central grid reference of the site from TG 2951 3778 to TG 2950 3774.
The Type 22 pillbox described above is visible on aerial photographs ((S2) to (S4)) dating from 1946 onwards. Contrary to the statement above it is hexagonal rather than octagonal. On the earlier aerial photographs it can be seen situated within a field boundary, now removed, which is depicted on historic maps (for example (S5)). The pillbox apparently faced northwest, towards the road between Mundesley and Trimingham. On photographs taken in July 1946 (S6) there appears to be a track (not mapped) leading from the pillbox towards a military site to the east which is believed to be a radio countermeasures station (NHER 38977). This suggests that the pillbox might have acted as a defence for the countermeasures site.
The site is included in a gazetteer of 20th century defences, and is illustrated in the accompanying text, which states that the gun mounting was for an Oerlikon anti aircraft gun (S7).
S. Tremlett (NMP), 17 December 2004.

Monument Types

  • ANTI AIRCRAFT BATTERY (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)
  • GUN EMPLACEMENT (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)
  • LIGHT ANTI AIRCRAFT BATTERY (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)
  • PILLBOX (TYPE FW3/22) (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)
  • PILLBOX (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status


Sources and further reading

---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Unpublished Document: Yardley, C. J. 2011. The Mun Valley: Historic landscape Assessment and Landscape Character Assessment for Norfolk Coast Project. p 15.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Recording Form: [various]. Norfolk Defensive Structures Survey Recording Form. Norfolk Defensive Structures Survey.
<S2>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1606 2131-2 27-JUN-1946 (Norfolk SMR TG 2938A and TG 2937A).
<S3>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1952. RAF 540/690 5105-6 11-MAR-1952 (NMR).
<S4>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Environment Agency. 2002. EA 040 AF/02C/339 6959-60 22-JUL-2002 (EA).
<S5>Map: Ordnance Survey. 1902 to 1907. Ordnance Survey second edition 25 inch (1902 to 1907) Sheet XX. 6.
<S6>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1634 2120-1 09-JUL-1946 (Norfolk SMR TG 2937B and TG 2837A).
<S7>Monograph: Bird, C.. 1999. Silent sentinels: the story of Norfolk's fixed defences during the twentieth century.. pp 26, 72.

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