Record Details

NHER Number:13042
Type of record:Find Spot
Name:Multi-period finds

Summary

Fieldwalking and metal-detecting between 1989 and 2014 recovered a Neolithic flint blade; Roman pottery sherds; Roman tile fragments; a large collection of Roman coins, including a small hoard of three coins and Roman, Late Saxon and post-medieval metal objects. The metal finds include a Roman copper alloy unidentified object and a buckle; a Middle/Late Saxon strap-end and a post-medieval button and harness mount.
Undated rectangular enclosures identified from aerial photographs and previously recorded under NHER 13042 are now recorded under NHER 60529. The large number and type of Roman finds recovered from this site suggest that the enclosures are of Roman date and represent a settlement.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 88 16
Map Sheet:TF81NE
Parish:KEMPSTONE, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

UNDATED RECTANGULAR ENCLOSURES IDENTIFIED FROM AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS AND PREVIOUSLY RECORDED UNDER NHER 13042 ARE NOW RECORDED UNDER NHER 60529.

March 1989. Metal detecting and fieldwalking on site of cropmarks. [1].
Roman bronze curved fragment, D-sectioned.
Bronze buckle fragment of late Roman openwork type - photograph (S1).
Fragment scored Roman tile.
16 Roman greyware sherds, 1 colour coated, 1 Samian South Gaul, 1 mortarium rim Nene Valley 3rd to 4th century, 1 rim Roman coarseware.
32 Roman coins - see list in file.
Flint blade, Neolithic.
Identified by D. Gurney and J. Wymer (NAU).
A. Rogerson (NLA), 7 April 1989.

1990.
2 gritty reduced Roman jar rims. [1].
Identified by D. Gurney (NAU).
21 Roman coins, see list in file.
Middle Saxon/Late Saxon 9th century strap end, very worn and damaged, animal head terminal. Photograph (S1).

April 2006.
The discovery of Roman artefacts suggests that the enclosures observed on aerial photographs (NHER 60529) could be Roman. If so they could have been associated with the small town/village site located to the northwest (NHER 4079).
D. Robertson (NLA), 3 April 2006. Amended by A. Beckham (HES), 17 October 2014.

May-September 2014. Metal-detecting. Site extended 110m to the east. [2].
Finds recorded on the PAS database:
RC092014 - PAS details to follow.
1 Roman coin hoard of 3 coins, 1 pottery sherd, 1 imbrex fragment and a bracelet.
Post-medieval button and a harness mount.
Information from PAS import.
Finds identified by HES but not recorded on the PAS database:
25 Roman coins.
See coin sheet in file.
A. Beckham (HES), 3 December 2014. Amended E. McDonald (HES), 10 December 2019.

2018-2020. Metal-detecting. [3].
ENF146957 - PAS details to follow.
See distribution maps (S1).
E. McDonald (HES), 21 October 2020.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT? (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • BLADE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • BUCKLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • IMBREX (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 75 AD to 200 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 100 AD to 300 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 200 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 200 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 260 AD? to 378 AD?)
  • COIN (Roman - 269 AD to 271 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 293 AD to 296 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 310 AD to 313 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 319 AD? to 319 AD?)
  • COIN (Roman - 320 AD? to 320 AD?)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD to 348 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 330 AD? to 335 AD?)
  • COIN (Roman - 335 AD to 341 AD)
  • COIN HOARD (Roman - 335 AD to 348 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 341 AD to 348 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 350 AD to 351 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 351 AD to 353 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 353 AD to 364 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 364 AD to 378 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Middle Saxon to Late Saxon - 651 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval to 16th Century - 1350 AD to 1550 AD)
  • MUSICAL INSTRUMENT (16th Century to 18th Century - 1550 AD to 1800 AD)
  • BUTTON (16th Century to 17th Century - 1600 AD to 1700 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (16th Century to 17th Century - 1600 AD to 1700 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Photograph: EWZ 10-11.
<S1>Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
<S2>Unpublished Document: Crace, G.. 2019. Find Heatmaps by Period for the North and South of the River Nar Metal-detecting Project. Finder's map.

Related records

60529Related to: Cropmarks of rectangular enclosures of possible Roman date (Monument)

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