Record Details

NHER Number:11462
Type of record:Monument
Name:Medieval moat in Hills and Holes Plantation, Marham


Earthworks of a medieval moat have been recorded in the northeast corner of Hills and Holes Plantation. Pieces of medieval pot and tile were found here during the Fenland Survey. It has been suggested that this is the site of a medieval castle. The remains of turrets marking the line of a circuit wall have been recorded.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TF 7053 0956
Map Sheet:TF70NW

Full description

Name often indicates ancient ironworking sites.
Present owner believes the name comes from natural undulations in this instance.
E. Rose (NAU), 16 August 1979.

MRM 8.
However at above grid reference in northeast corner of plantation, a moat. Details to follow. In 1979 occupant of land was the owner of Marham House.
R. Silvester (NAU), 13 February 1987.

Earthwork survey and profile across the site during the Fenland Evaluation Project. Site is a moat, with much internal detail, but tree covered.
A dossier has been prepared.
See (S1).
M.D. Leah (NAU), August 1990.

Some material found by R.Silvester (NAU) has been identified as medieval pottery and tile.
E. Rose (NLA).

Site scheduled 1995. Description in file equate this with the site of the castle (NHER 13644) quoting the history given under that county number. It states the moated site has remains of turrets at the corners on a bank marking the line of a circuit wall. Clay roof tiles and other building material noted.
E. Rose (NLA), 13 February 1995.


February 2007.
Section 17 management agreement signed 3 March 2007.
See (S3).
D. Robertson (NLA), 16 April 2007.

Licence to crenellate granted 9 June 1271.
Information from (S4).

Monument Types

  • IRON WORKING SITE (Unknown date)
  • CASTLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MOAT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument
  • Higher Level Stewardship

Sources and further reading

---*Fieldwork: Fenland Survey. MRM 8. FENS.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Unpublished Document: Leah, M. D. (NAU) and Mathews, M. (NAU). 1990. Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission Dossier.
---Article in Serial: Robertson, D. & Paterson, H.. 2010. The Norfolk Monuments Management Project 1990-2010. Twenty Years Conserving the County's Rural Historic Environment.. Norfolk Archaeology. XLVI, pp 15-28.
---Monograph: Silvester, R. J. 1988. The Fenland Project Number 3: Marshland and Nar Valley, Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. No 45.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Designation: English Heritage. 1990-2013. English Heritage Scheduling Notification. Notification. DNF101.
---Designation: English Heritage. 1994? -2011?. English Heritage Digital Designation Record. Record. DNF101.
<S1>Article in Serial: Leah, M., Mathews, M. and Davison, A. 1997. Survey of the Earthworks at Hills and Holes Plantation, Marham. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt IV pp 506-511.
<S2>Archive: Fenland Folders.
<S3>Unpublished Document: Norfolk County Council. 2007. Section 17 Management Agreement.
<S4>Website: Davis, P..

Related records

13644Related to: Site of medieval castle, Marham (Monument)

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