Record Details

NHER Number:11358
Type of record:Monument
Name:Roman road between Billingford and Toftrees


This is the course of a Roman road from Billingford to Toftrees, the best preserved section of which is on Brisley Common where it is visible as an earthwork. Other sections of the road are visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs and in hedge lines.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TF 9365 2373
Map Sheet:TF92SW

Full description

Section of a Roman road between Billingford and Toftrees, revealed as a cropmark and by excavation on Brisley Common. The road is also visible as a hedge line.

12 August 1972. Ordnance Survey aerial photography.
Positive cropmarks.
Ring ditch.
Road and ring ditch.
D. Voisey (NAU), 25 September 1995.

1976. Excavation.
Excavation at Brisley Green.
Two flanking ditches, 18m apart, and a gravel surface, badly damaged by ploughing during World War Two.
See published report (S2) for full details. See also (S3) and (S4).
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 24 January 2017.

October 1993. Watching Brief.
Monitoring of groundworks at The Old Maltings, Brisley Greey.
Foundation trenches also revealed undated pits, but no finds were recovered.
See hanging plan.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 24 January 2017.

March 1994. Watching Brief.
Monitoring of excavation of footings for garage at Brisley.
Small and oblique section of road noted, comprising mixed grade angular gravel in a sandy clay matrix. No accompanying ditch observed and no finds recovered.
See notes in file.
P. Watkins (HES), 25 January 2017.

See (S1).
E. Rose (NLA), 18 November 1993.

Monument Types

  • PIT (Unknown date)
  • RING DITCH (Unknown date)
  • RING DITCH (Unknown date)
  • CAUSEWAY (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROAD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROAD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROAD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SITE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SITE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status


Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TF 9026A-S, TF 9423A-C, TF 92/9327/C.
---Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1972. OS 72-300-188.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Unpublished Contractor Report: Network Archaeology. 2002. Bacton to Kings Lynn Proposed Gas Pipeline. Archaeological Desk-Based Assessment. Network Archaeology. 179.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Collection: Norfolk Historic Environment Record Staff. 1975-[2000]. HER Record Notes. Norfolk Historic Environment Service.
<S1>Article in Monograph: Wade-Martins, P.. 1977. A Roman Road between Billingford and Toftrees.. East Anglian Archaeology. No 5 pp 1-2.
<S2>Article in Monograph: Wade-Martins, P.. 1978. Excavation of a Roman Road at Brisley.. East Anglian Archaeology. No 8 pp 29-32.
<S3>Photograph: Pooley, G.. 1976. ST, Frames 1-33. Excavation at Brisley Common, Bisley..
<S4>Photograph: Pooley, G.. 1976. SU1, Frames 2-20. Excavation at Brisley Common, Bisley..

Related records - none

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