Record Details

NHER Number:1075
Type of record:Monument
Name:Medieval tile kilns


In 1843 a medieval tile kiln was excavated and further examples have been discovered through excavation and survey since. Numerous medieval glazed and plain tiles have been collected during excavations and from the surface of the site, along with large quantites of medieval pottery and kiln waste. The tiles from the site have become known as 'Bawsey tiles'. Roman and Late Saxon pottery sherds and a prehistoric flint flake have also been recovered.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TF 6812 2051
Map Sheet:TF62SE

Full description

1843. Excavation.
14th century tile kiln found.

1928. Rediscovery of site.
See report on the products (S2).

1973. Fieldwalking.
Much medieval tile, also Late Saxon/medieval sherds.
A. Rogerson (NAU) 16 March 1982.

1976. Stray find.
Tiles and sherds found.

1978. Stray find.
Kiln waste found.

1979. Site vist.
Medieval bricks found.
E. Rose (NAU) 18 September 1979.

1991. Casual find collection.
Further tiles found.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 22 April 1991.

1991. Magnetometer survey.
Medieval tile, pottery and kiln waste scattered throughout topsoil. Clear concentrations.
Magnetometry identifed possible kilns, possible dumps of kiln waste, ditches, pits and trackways.
Possible clay pits to south.
See (S3) in file.
D. Robertson (NLA) 6 October 2005.

1992. Metal detecting.
Medieval coin, Roman sherds.
L. Brewster (KLM) 2 November 1992.

Roman pottery. Medieval tiles.
L. Brewster (KLM) 4 January 1993.

See full details in file.
E. Rose (NLA) 17 January 1993

Part of large scatter NHER 28352.

Monument Types

  • TILE KILN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TILE WORKS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • FLAKE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FLOOR TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KILN WASTE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status


Sources and further reading

---Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TF 62 SE 17 [5]; TF 62 SE 25.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Medieval. Bawsey.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Collection: Norfolk Historic Environment Record Staff. 1975-[2000]. HER Record Notes. Norfolk Historic Environment Service.
<S1>Article in Serial: [Unknown]. 1928. Recent Events. Antiquity. Vol 2 No 8 pp 474-478. p 478.
<S2>Article in Serial: Eames, E. 1955. The products of a medieval tile kiln at Bawsey, King's Lynn. The Antiquaries Journal. Vol XXXV, pp 162-181.
<S3>Unpublished Contractor Report: [Unknown]. 1991. Report on Geophysical Survey. Bawsey/Leziate Proposed Golf Course. Geophysical Surveys of Bradford. 91/22.

Related records

28352Part of: Multi-period objects and pottery sherds (Find Spot)

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