Record Details

NHER Number:10495
Type of record:Building
Name:Pettingill's Mill, Haddiscoe Island


A brick tower drainage windmill probably dating from circa 1800. The mill had a number of early features. It was manually turned into the wind by its tailpole and was fitted with a wooden windshaft and cloth covered 'common' sails. It still contains the remains of a unusual device for centring the cap, more usually found in north west England and northern Europe.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TG 4589 0163
Map Sheet:TG40SE

Full description

Drainage pump.

July 1979.
Squat brick tower remains, now roofed with corrugated iron. Scoop wheel still in its wooden shelter. Modern brick pumphouse beside.
See (S1).
This is one of the only two mills in the county to have a wooden commonpole, the other being NHER 10403; the original machinery survives inside. The mill was used again in the 1950 floods to drain the area.
Information from member of the public [1].
Marked on (S2).
E. Rose (NAU), 26 July 1979.

One pair of sails converted from cloth sails to patent sails by William T. England whose workman Arthur Thrower took two weeks to drill out the windshaft with a spoon-bit auger (S3).
E. Rose (NLA), 29 November 2005.

February 1988. Listed, Grade II.
Listing Description:
Disused drainage windpump. 19th century. Battered tarred brick tower. Circular on plan, three storeys. First floor openings with wooden shutters. Ground floor doorway, square headed, on west side. Cap and sails removed - 20th century roof of corrugated iron sheeting. Large diameter external scoopwheel of iron and timber construction on north side of tower. Interior not inspected.
Information from (S4).
D. Robertson (NLA), 31 January 2006.

The mill site is not marked on Faden's map (S5) but is recorded on all subsequent maps. The mill ended its working life largely unmodernised and still manually turned into the wind by its tailpole. It last worked by wind with one pair of common sails and one pair of patent sails taken from Caldecott Mill (NHER 10493) across the river. A tractor was used as auxiliary power for the scoopwheel during WWII and was in use during the 1953 floods. According to (S6) the tractor's function was replaced by an electric pump in 1956. An examination of the interior of the mill (S7) revealed the remains of an unusual device for centring the cap, traces of which have been found on two older mill sites on the River Bure but otherwise found in north west England, Anglesey and on the continent.
A. Yardy (HES), 11 August 2011.

Monument Types

  • DRAINAGE MILL (Post Medieval to Modern - 1795 AD to 2050 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status

  • Listed Building

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1994. TG 4501A - H.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Publication: Hutchinson, S.. 2003. Berney Arms Remembered.
---Monograph: Pevsner, N and Wilson, W. 1999. Norfolk 2: North-West and South. The Buildings of England. 2nd Edition. p 263.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Monograph: Smith, A.C.. 1974. Drainage Windmills of the Norfolk Marshes.. No 16.
<S2>Map: Ordnance Survey. 1824-1836. Ordnance Survey First Edition 1 inch..
<S3>Article in Serial: Allard, P.. 2005. William T. England, Yarmouth Millwright. Yarmouth Archaeology.
<S4>Designation: English Heritage. National Heritage List for England. List Entry 1050526.
<S5>Publication: Faden, W. and Barringer, J. C. 1989. Faden's Map of Norfolk in 1797.
<S6>*Verbal Communication: S. Earl. 1989. Pettingell's Mill.
<S7>Unpublished Document: V. Pargeter. 2001. Pettingell's Mill, Toft Monks, Haddiscoe Island - A Plea for its Preservation. March.

Related records

MNO3070Related to: Pettingell's Mill (Seven Mile House) Chedgrave Marshes HADDISCOE (Revoked)
55887Related to: Seven Mile House, River Waveney (Building)

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