Record Details

NHER Number:9514
Type of record:Building
Name:All Saints' Church, Intwood

Summary

This round-towered church probably dates to the 12th century although it could be Late Saxon. The tower was raised and the chancel was rebuilt around 1400. The church may have been converted into a sheep shelter in the 16th century. It was certainly left to fall into disrepair and was restored in 1601 and again in 1852 when an exceptionally fine ensemble of woodwork was installed. Parts of two earlier floors were identified underneath the church during an archaeological watching brief. In 2010 a watching brief revealed watching brief revealed a sequence of undated graveyard soils truncated by the construction cut for a rectangular brick structure which formed the foundation of a boiler room.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 1968 0418
Map Sheet:TG10SE
Parish:INTWOOD, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK
KESWICK, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Round towered church with conglomerate nave quoins and Roman brick; probably 12th century though Late Saxon origin cannot be ruled out. Tower raised, chancel rebuilt around 1400. Ruinated in 16th century, restored 1601 and again 1852 when exceptionally fine ensemble of woodwork installed.
See (S1) in file.
E. Rose (NLA), 17 April 2002.

September-October 2002. Watching Brief.
Undertaken during the renewal of floors. No contexts used.
Parts of two earlier floors were identified. The oldest, probably medieval floor was made of chalky lime mortar. A fragmentary pamment tile floor was also uncovered, possibly made up of tiles known to have been removed from Keswick church (NHER 9709) to Intwood in 1601.
See report (S2) for further details. The results of this work are also summarised in (S3).
The associated archive has been deposited with the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2018.298).
J. Allen (NLA), 22 October 2002. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 15 April 2019.

March 2010. Watching brief.
The course of the pipe trench excavated made it possible to observe the church tower foundations and related deposits. A deposit adjacent to the tower foundations may have the potential to date the construction of the tower but this deposit revealed no artefacts or datable material. To the north of the tower the watching brief revealed a sequence of undated graveyard soils truncated by the construction cut for a rectangular brick structure which formed the foundation of a boiler room.
See report (S4) for further details. The results of this work are also summarised in (S5).
The associated archive has been deposited with the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2013.88).
S. Howard (NLA), 6 August 2010. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 16 May 2019.

Monument Types

  • CHURCH (Late Saxon to 19th Century - 851 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FLOOR (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • FLOOR TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WINDOW (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • Listed Building

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TG1904 A,B,E,G,H.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1987. [Photograph of All Saints' Church, Intwood]. 4 April.
---Illustration: Various. Various. Architectural plans.
---Photograph: KJE.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Photograph: Coe, A.E.. 1911?. B21 Intwood Church.
---Serial: 2001. Friends of Keswick and Intwood Churches, Norwich.. July.
---Monograph: Pevsner, N and Wilson, W. 1999. Norfolk 2: North-West and South. The Buildings of England. 2nd Edition. pp 448-449.
---Leaflet: All Saints Intwood Guide.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1986. [Articles on the bells at All Saints' Church, Intwood].
<S1>Unpublished Document: Rose, E.. 2002. Building Report.. Building Report.
<S2>Unpublished Contractor Report: Percival, J. 2002. Report on an Archaeological Watching Brief at All Saints Church, Intwood, Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 749.
<S3>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 2003. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk, 2002. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIV Pt II pp 368-384. p 373.
<S4>Unpublished Contractor Report: Failes, A. 2010. Archaeological Watching Brief of Drainage Pipe Trench at All Saints Church, Intwood, Norfolk. Archaeological Project Services. 42/10.
<S5>Article in Serial: Gurney, D., Bown, J. and Hoggett, R. 2011. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk in 2010. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLVI Pt II pp 262-276. p 269.

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