Record Details

NHER Number:9446
Type of record:Structure
Name:Wymondham Market Cross

Summary

The Market Cross is a timber-framed structure erected in 1617-1618 following the destruction of its predecessor in 1615. The building itself consists of an octagonal building supported over an open ground floor by eight timber buttress-like posts and a middle post. The is a little carved decoration on the upper floor, which is reached by an outer stair from the back, and the building is crowned by a pyramidal roof. The building now houses the Tourist Information Centre.

Images

  • An old photograph of the Market Cross in Wymondham. Probably taken in the 1970s.  © Norfolk Museums & Archaeology Service

Location

Grid Reference:TG 1106 0147
Map Sheet:TG10SW
Parish:WYMONDHAM, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

December 1950. Listed, Grade I.

Built around 1617 on site of medieval cross.
Detailed description in file (S1).
Compiled by E. Rose (NLA) 25 June 1990.

April 2010.
The Market Cross suffered minor fire damage after a spate of vandalism,
See (S2) for further details,
H. White, (NLA), 29 April 2010

Excerpt of current Listing Description:
"Market Cross. Built after fire of 1616 in 1617-18, restored 1863, restored again 1989 by Feilden & Mawson. Timber-framed with plaintiled roof. Open to ground floor. Octagonal. Eight hollow-chamfered stone bases support eight sunk-quadrant and wave-moulded vertical posts on polygonal bases...Upper storey with exposed studs and limewashed infill. Fascia boards decorated with foliage and other devices, including the dates of construction and restoration. Each facet with a three-light ovolo-moulded timber cross casement...Pyramid roof.
INTERIOR. Central polygonal post rises to support chamfered cross trees, repeated at collar level, probably imitating contemporary construction of post windmills. Jowled corner posts. Staggered butt purlins below, plain butt above.
Scheduled Ancient Monument."
Information from (S3).
Please consult the National Heritage List for England (S3) for the full listing details.
P. Watkins (HES), 20 March 2022.

Monument Types

  • CROSS (Medieval to 17th Century - 1066 AD? to 1615 AD?)
  • BUILDING (17th Century to 21st Century - 1617 AD to 2100 AD)
  • MARKET CROSS (17th Century to 21st Century - 1617 AD to 2100 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status

  • Listed Building
  • Scheduled Monument

Sources and further reading

---Designation: [unknown]. Ancient Monuments Form. SAM Record. DNF27.
---Photograph: Mosby, J. E. G. and Agar, P. E. 1949. Wymondham, Old and New: A survey of its town and parish with rambles further afield.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TG 1101W - Z.
---Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TG 10 SW 3 [3].
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2010. Heaps of history and a market too. 2 February.
---Monograph: Pevsner, N and Wilson, B. 1999. Norfolk 2: North-West and South. The Buildings of England. 2nd Edition. p 798; Pl 71.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Photograph: BPF18.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Post-Medieval. Wymondham.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1979. Overhaul for Wymondham cross. 11 April.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1983. Cross repairs start soon. 9 February.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1988. [Articles on the cost of restoring the Wymondham Market Cross].
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1989. New scratchings for old as cross has a facelift. 3 March.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1989-1990. [Articles on the proposal for Wymondham Market Cross becoming a tourist office].
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1989. Messy Market Cross sparks limewash row. 11 August.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. Vandals warning as cross reopens.
<S1>Unpublished Document: Rose, E.. 1990. Building Report. Building Report.
<S2>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2010. Arsonists in bid to burn iconic cross. 29 April.
<S3>Designation: Historic England. National Heritage List for England. List Entry 1196678.

Related records - none

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