Record Details

NHER Number:8369
Type of record:Find Spot
Name:Lower/Middle Palaeolithic flint handaxe, Happisburgh/Lessingham beach


A Lower/Middle Palaeolithic flint handaxe was found on this section of the beach between Happisburgh and Eccles on Sea in 1975. A second Lower Paeolithic handaxe was recovered in 2019 as a stray find.


  • Paleolithic handaxe from NHER 8369  © Norfolk County Council


Grid Reference:TG 4006 2985
Map Sheet:TG42NW

Full description

Unstratified artefacts recovered on the section of Happisburgh/Lessingham beach between Cart Gap and the end of Seaside Lane.

1975. Stray Find.
Found by [1] at high water line (but not marked as such on map) at approximately [2]:
1 Lower/Middle Palaeolithic flint handaxe, heavily rolled and polished. See sketch (S1) and drawing (S9). Information from (S2) and from PAS import.
This discovery was first reported in (S3).
The handaxe is also noted on (S4) and in (S5), (S6), (S7) and (S8), although no additional information is given.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 9 June 2014, A. Beckham (HES), 1 May 2016, and E. McDonald (HES), 18 August 2018.

July-September 2016. Stray Find.
Objects found on foreshore by [3].
Details to Follow.
E. McDonald, 10 December 2020.

January 2019. Stray find. [4].
Lower/Middle Palaeolithic small, rolled, and abrada handaxe of Wymer's type E.
Information from PAS import.
This object was previously recorded under NHER 63189.
A. Beckham (HES), 6 November 2019. Amended by E. McDonald (HES), 10 January 2020.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 1000000 BC to 40001 BC)

Associated Finds

  • HANDAXE (Lower Palaeolithic - 600000 BC to 150001 BC)
  • HANDAXE (Lower Palaeolithic - 600000 BC to 150001 BC)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Illustration: Gregory, T. 1975. Sketch of a Palaeolithic flint handaxe from Lessingham. Card. 1:1.
<S2>Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
<S3>Serial: 1975. Council for British Archaeology Group 7 Bulletin of Archaeological Discoveries for 1975. No 22. p 9.
<S4>Record Card: Wymer, J. J. Wymer Index Card - Palaeolithic. Lessingham (Eccles).
<S5>Publication: Wymer, J. J. 1985. Palaeolithic Sites of East Anglia. p 35.
<S6>Unpublished Contractor Report: 1997. The English Rivers Palaeolithic Project. Regions 8 (East Anglian Rivers) and 11 (Trent Drainage). Wessex Archaeology. p 50.
<S7>Website: TERPS online database. Site 22557.
<S8>Article in Serial: Robins, P., Wymer, J. J. and Parfitt, S. 2008. Handaxe Finds on the Norfolk Beaches. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLV Pt III pp 412-415. p 415.
<S9>Illustration: Gibbons, J. 2016. Drawing of a Lower Palaeolithic handaxe. Find Illustration. Film. 1:1.

Related records - none

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