Record Details

NHER Number:7018
Type of record:Monument
Name:Possible Middle to Late Bronze Age hearth, multi-period finds including Late Bronze Age sword fragments

Summary

Ash and darkened soil were seen in a restricted area after it had been deep ploughed and pottery sherds were collected from the surface. Topsoil removal revealed a possible pit around 1.3m in diameter with heavy ash content and containing Middle or Late Bronze Age pottery sherds. This feature was thought to be a possible hearth. In the same year a fragment of a Late Bronze Age copper alloy blade was found on the ploughed surface. It is thought to be of late Ewart Park type, and date to the 8th century BC. Metal-detecting in 2011 and 2012 recovered Roman coins, further Late Bronze Age sword fragments, a Late Saxon unidentified object and post-medieval dagger quillons, a trade weight and dress-fastener.

Images

  • NHER from Late Bronze Age sword from NHER7018  © Norfolk County Council
  • Drawing of a Late Bronze Age sword from NHER 7018  © Norfolk County Council
  • Late Bronze Age sword fragment from NHER 7018  © Norfolk County Council
  • Late Saxon unidentifed object from NHER 7018  © Norfolk County Council
  • Late Bronze Age sword fragment from NHER 7018  © Norfolk County Council
  • Late Bronze Age sword fragment from NHER 7018  © Norfolk County Council
  • Part of a post-medieval dagger from NHER 7018  © Norfolk County Council
  • Late Bronze Age sword from NHER 7018  © Norfolk County Council
  • Late Bronze Age sword from NHER 7018  © Norfolk County Council

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TG33SW
Parish:WITTON, NORTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

OS field 172.

1964.
Ash and darkened soil were seen in a restricted area after it had been deep ploughed. Pottery sherds were collected from the surface. Topsoil removal revealed possible pit around 1.3m in diameter with heavy ash content and containing Middle or Late Bronze Age pottery sherds. This feature was thought to be a possible hearth. In the same year a fragment of a Late Bronze Age copper alloy blade was found on the ploughed surface. It is thought to be of late Ewart Park type, and date to the 8th century BC.
See secondary file and (S1).
Ruth Fillery-Travis (NLA), 10 September 2007.

April-May 2011. Metal-detecting.
Fragment of Late Bronze Age sword (S2), 3 Roman coins, post-medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 27 May 2011.

September-October 2011. Metal-detecting.
Two more late Bronze Age sword fragments (S3 and S4), one perhaps joining fragment found in 1964.
S. Ashley (HES), 28 October 2011.

October 2012. Metal-detecting. [1].
One Fragment of Late Bronze Age sword (S5).
Late Saxon polyhedral cast socketed copper alloy unidentified object (S6).
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 2 November 2012.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • HEARTH (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • BUTTON (Undated)
  • FABRICATOR (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLAKE (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • HAMMERSTONE (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • RETOUCHED FLAKE (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • HAMMERSTONE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • LEAF ARROWHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • SWORD (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • SWORD (Late Bronze Age - 950 BC to 800 BC)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Late Saxon to Medieval - 900 AD to 1100 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • QUERN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DAGGER (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DRESS FASTENER (DRESS) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE
  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Correspondence: Robins, P.. 1989. J.E Owles flint collection brought in to Castle Museum for identification.. 5 April.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Bronze Age. Witton [3].
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Medieval. Witton.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Collection: Norfolk Historic Environment Record Staff. 1975-[2000]. HER Record Notes. Norfolk Historic Environment Service.
<S1>Article in Serial: Lawson, A. J. 1983. The Archaeology of Witton, near North Walsham. East Anglian Archaeology. No 18. pp 34-35.
<S2>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2011. Drawing of a Late Bronze Age sword handle fragment.. Film. 1:1.
<S3>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2011. Drawing of Late Bronze Age copper alloy sword fragment.. Film. 1:1.
<S4>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2011. Drawing of Late Bronze Age copper alloy sword fragment.. Film. 1:1.
<S5>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2012. Drawing of a Bronze Age sword fragment.. Film. 1:1.
<S6>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2012. Drawing of a Late Saxon unidentified object.. Film. 2:1.

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