Record Details

NHER Number:5357
Type of record:Monument
Name:Hockwold shrunken medieval village, Peacocks Field


An area of extensive medieval earthworks representing the former extent of the village, which shrunk during the medieval and post medieval periods. The earthworks, which are clearly visible on the ground and on aerial photographs, include hollow ways, enclosures, a moat and fishponds. Part of the site was excavated by the NAU in 1994 but no archaeological finds or features were discovered. Neolithic flints and pottery dating from the late prehistoric to the post medieval periods have been found on the site. In 1962 a floor of unknown date was observed after being cut by the construction of a new cut-off channel from Denver to Hockwold.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TL 725 877
Map Sheet:TL78NW

Full description

Earthworks of Hockwold shrunken village (SAM) and surrounding area of destroyed earthworks.

Floors and Iron Age, Roman, Bronze Age and Beaker sherds found.

Late Saxon and medieval pottery from foundation trench spoilheaps.

1983 to 1984.
Survey of earthworks.
Prehistoric, Beaker, Iron Age, Roman, medieval and post medieval sherds.

Pre 1989.
Medieval sherds found.

Schedule in file.
Detailed plans and correspondence in file.
E. Rose (NLA) 23 August 1999.

22 July 1993. NLA air photography.
Site of 'shrunken village.'
Linear earthworks and sub-rectangular enclosure (moat?) visible.
Sun is high and shadow on ground is poor.
Traces of strip fields also visible.
M. Brennand (NLA), 12 February 2001.

February 1996. Site visit.
H. Paterson (A&E), 1 February 1996.

1999. Trial Trenching.
Excavation of single trench at 59-61 South Street.
No archaeologically signficant features, deposits or finds.
See report (S1) for further details.
The archive associated with this work has been deposited with the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2018.304).
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 15 April 2019.

Monument Types

  • FLOOR (Unknown date)
  • ROAD (Unknown date)
  • FISHPOND (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HOLLOW WAY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MOAT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SHRUNKEN VILLAGE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOFT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Undated)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • HAMMERSTONE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POLISHER (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • QUERN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument
  • Higher Level Stewardship

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TL7387S-X, TL7287 L,AM,AV-AZ,ACB,ACD-ACF, SCC 4386 175, OS 93.399.103, RAF TL78.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1993. TL 7287ACR - ACT.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TL 7287ACX - ACY, ADA - ADC.
---Monograph: Cushion, B. and Davison, A. 2003. Earthworks of Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. No 104. p 5.
---Illustration: Earthwork Plan.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Neolithic. Hockwold cum Wilton.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Iron Age. Hockwold cum Wilton.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Roman. Hockwold Cum Wilton.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Medieval. Hockwold.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Collection: Norfolk Historic Environment Record Staff. 1975-[2000]. HER Record Notes. Norfolk Historic Environment Service.
---Designation: Department Of The Environment. 1882-1984?. Department of the Environment Scheduling Notification. Notification. DNF430.
<S1>Unpublished Contractor Report: Crowson, A. 1999. Report on an Archaeological Evaluation at 59-61 South Street, Hockwold-cum-Wilton. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 424.

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