Record Details

NHER Number:5042
Type of record:Monument
Name:Medieval moated site and medieval earthworks

Summary

The earthworks of a medieval moat, one arm of which is a channel of the Watton Brook, which fed the moat. There are raised earthworks within the moat, and medieval bricks and pottery have been recovered during fieldwalking. Other earthworks are associated with the moat, including a medieval hollow way leading from the village and probable enclosures. The moat was probably the site of a manor house.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TL 8265 9942
Map Sheet:TL89NW
Parish:HILBOROUGH, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

Moat.
First identified by O.G.S. Crawford.

Visited by E. Rose (NAU) 10 August 1977.
This area is so overgrown that it is difficult to accurately locate the site, but there is at one point a raised platform surrounded by marshy rivulets.
E. Rose (NAU)

Detailed description and plan, including other adjacent earthworks, in file.
E. Rose (NAU) 15 February 1988.

1987 to 1988.
Fieldwalking of island of moat produced medieval sherds, bone and brick.
See list in file under NHER 24669.
E. Rose (NAU) 29 June 1988.

Moat described by Ordnance Survey as 82m x 52m. Moats up to 14m wide and 1.4m deep.
Causeway across eastern arm. Moat originally spring fed with outflow at southwest corner, rectangular depressions at north end may mark site of buildings.
Information from (S1).
M.D. Leah (NAU), 10 January 1991.

(S2) notes that this may be the site of one of the three medieval manors in Bodney. Other earthworks are associated with the moat, including a medieval hollow way leading from the village, and probable enclosures. The earthworks end abruptly at a hedge bank, and there are pollarded oak trees of some age in the field containing the earthworks. The field is named 'Oak Yards' on (S3).
See (S2) for more details.
S. Spooner (NLA) 24 February 2006.

November 2017-March 2018. Aerial Photograph/Lidar Recording and Earthwork Survey.
Historic England - Details to follow.
A. Beckham (HES), 25 October 2018.

Monument Types

  • ENCLOSURE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HOLLOW WAY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MANOR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MOAT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Undated)
  • BRICK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TL8299 A-C,G-H,Q-T,Y.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TL 8299AB - AC.
---Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TL 89 NW 2 [2].
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Medieval. Hilborough.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Archive: National Archaeological Record.
<S2>Article in Serial: Davison, A. 1994. The Field Archaeology of Bodney and the Stanta Extension. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt I pp 57-79.
<S3>Map: 1842. Bodney Tithe Map.

Related records - none

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