Record Details

NHER Number:5011
Type of record:Find Spot
Name:Unprovenanced Palaeolithic handaxe (Hilborough, poorly located)


A Palaeolithic handaxe found some time prior 1931. The circumstances of its discovery are unknown and its provenance is also unclear, being marked "Bodney" and "Weeting".

Images - none



Full description

At least one Palaeolithic object possibly recovered in the Bodney area of what is now Hilborough parish.

Pre 1931. Stray Find.
The British Museum Sturge Collection includes a handaxe from Bodney (2011,8109.728), which is the "drift implement" listed in (S1). It is presumably also the Bodney handaxe listed in (S2).
Information from (S3).

The date and circumstances of this discovery are not recorded, although there is an note on (S3) suggesting that this may have been found by W. G. Clarke. If this was indeed the case it would have been found prior to 1925, but probably after 1919, as there is no mention of finds from Bodney in either (S4) or (S5). The handaxe itself is described by Wymer on (S6) and in (S7) as pointed and very rolled.

It appears that this object has been accessioned with another handaxe from the Sturge Collection, which is marked "Botney" and from the Botany Bay brickworks site in Weeting with Broomhill parish (NHER 5643). Wymer noted that the provenance of the Bodney handaxe is somewhat suspect, being marked "Weeting" as well as "Bodney". Given the provenance of the accompanying handaxe it is entirely possible that it is indeed also from Weeting.

This handaxe is also listed in (S8) and (S9) although no additional information is given.

Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 26 April 2013 and 11 February 2016.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 1000000 BC to 40001 BC)

Associated Finds

  • HANDAXE (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
<S1>Publication: Smith, R. A. 1931. The Sturge Collection: an illustrated selection of flints from Britain bequeathed in 1919 by William Allen Sturge. p 126.
<S2>Monograph: Roe, D. A. 1968. A Gazetteer of British Lower and Middle Palaeolithic Sites. CBA Research Report. No 8. p 228.
<S3>Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Palaeolithic.
<S4>Article in Serial: Clarke, W. G. 1907. The Distribution of Flint and Bronze Implements in Norfolk. Transactions of the Norfolk and Norwich Naturalists' Society. Vol VIII Pt III (for 1906-1907) pp 393-409.
<S5>Article in Serial: Clarke, W. G. 1919. The Distribution of Flint and Bronze Implements in Norfolk. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia. Vol III Pt I (for 1918-19) pp 147-149.
<S6>Record Card: Wymer, J. J. Wymer Index Card - Palaeolithic. Hillborough (Bodney).
<S7>Publication: Wymer, J. J. 1985. Palaeolithic Sites of East Anglia. p 51.
<S8>Unpublished Contractor Report: 1996. The English Rivers Palaeolithic Project. Regions 9 (Great Ouse) and 12 (Yorkshire and the Lincolnshire Wolds). Wessex Archaeology. LLO-3, No.19.
<S9>Website: TERPS online database. Site 22808.

Related records - none

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