Record Details

NHER Number:5004
Type of record:Monument
Name:Site of Lower Mill


The site of a post-medieval tower mill can be seen on aerial photographs and recent (2015) lidar visualisations. The mill was constructed and in use from 1846 to the 1890's and demolished in the 1970's. The mill could be seen as a structure on the 1940's aerial photographs and the associated mound can be seen as earthwork on the lidar visualisations.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TL 7991 9355
Map Sheet:TL79SE

Full description

Windmill (Ordnance Survey).
Known as Lower Mill, a tower mill built 1846, last used 1896, demolished in 1970 to 1971.
Information from [1]. Recorded in record card (S1).
E. Rose (NAU), 23 March 1982.

March 2019. Breckland National Mapping Programme.
A mound and bank most likely of post-medieval date are seen as earthworks on lidar visualisations (S2-S3). The mound most likely relates to the former tower mill which can be seen clearly as a structure on the 1940's aerial photographs (S2). The bank is aligned approximately north-south and most likely relates to a former boundary bank seen on the First and Second Edition Ordnance Survey maps (S4-S5).
The mapped extent has been expanded from a point to a polygon[2].
J.Powell (Norfolk Historic Environment Service), 26 March 2019.

Monument Types

  • BANK (EARTHWORK) (Unknown date)
  • MOUND (Unknown date)
  • BANK (EARTHWORK) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD? to 1900 AD?)
  • BOUNDARY BANK? (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BOUNDARY? (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • MOUND (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOWER MILL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOWER MILL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WINDMILL MOUND (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: 1938. Photograph of Lower Mill, Munford. Black & white.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
<S2>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF/3G/TUD/UK/59 V 5050-5051 05-FEB-1946 (HEA Original Print).
<S3>LIDAR Airborne Survey: Various. LIDAR Airborne Survey. LIDAR Lynford Forest Research 0.5m DTM 15-JUL-2015 (BNG Project, FC England, Fugro Geospatial).
<S4>Map: Ordnance Survey. 1886 - 1891. Ordnance Survey Map. Six inches to the mile. First Edition. 1:10,560.
<S5>Map: Ordnance Survey. 1902-7. Ordnance Survey second edition 25 inch (1902-7) map. 25 inches to 1 mile.

Related records - none

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