Record Details

NHER Number:27462
Type of record:Monument
Name:Site of medieval to post medieval post mill, Top Farm

Summary

The site of a post mill is visible as a cropmark on aerial photographs of this area. The characteristic ring ditch surrounding a central cross-shaped pit is visible on the southern edge of the summit of a spur of land, a seemingly ideal location for a windmill. The ring ditch here may have originally surrounded a prehistoric burial mound and was reused at a later date for the base of the windmill.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 4675 1933
Map Sheet:TG41NE
Parish:SOMERTON, GREAT YARMOUTH, NORFOLK

Full description

March 2006. Norfolk NMP.
A ring ditch surrounding a central cross-shaped pit is visible as a cropmark on aerial photographs (S1), centred at TG 4675 1933. The site is typical of levelled post mill mounds, usually dated to the medieval or early post medieval period. Given the proximity of several probable Bronze Age round barrows (NHER 21772 40m to the southwest), it is possible that the post mill was sited on a pre-existing prehistoric mound, an outlying part of the dispersed barrow cemetery identified 560m to the southwest (NHER 29628). It could instead have been purpose built for the windmill and positioned close to the earlier barrows by coincidence. It is both respected by and overlapped by linear cropmarks which form part of a multi-period field system (NHER 21270). Given the difficulty of dating both the field system and the ring ditch, the chronological relationship between the two sites is not known.

The ring ditch is circular in plan and measures approximately 18m in diameter. A narrow break in the ditch circuit on its southeast side may or may not mark a genuine entrance.
S. Tremlett (NMP), 15 March 2006.

Monument Types

  • RING DITCH (Unknown date)
  • RING DITCH (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • ROUND BARROW (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POST MILL (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • RING DITCH (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WINDMILL (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WINDMILL MOUND (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

<S1>Oblique Aerial Photograph: CUCAP. 1976. NHER TG 4619A-B (CUCAP BYJ39-40) 29-JUN-1976.

Related records - none

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