Record Details

NHER Number:42157
Type of record:Monument
Name:Earthwork enclosure of possible medieval to post medieval date

Summary

Earthworks of a small trapezoidal enclosure of medieval to post medieval date are visible on aerial photographs. Other similar enclosures are present across the marshland. It is likely that they are sheep cotes, used to pen the animals overnight so that their manure could be collected. The manure was then transported to arable land elsewhere for use as fertiliser. The field had been ploughed and the earthworks levelled by 1963.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 49297 09658
Map Sheet:TG40NE
Parish:MAUTBY, GREAT YARMOUTH, NORFOLK

Full description

November 2005. Norfolk NMP.
Earthworks of a small trapezoidal enclosure of medieval to post medieval date are visible on aerial photographs (S1-S2). This enclosure is located at TG 4930 0965 immediately south of the River Bure. Three sides of the enclosure are defined by a 3m wide ditch, with the western side formed by an extant drainage ditch. Internally, there is a raised platform that measures up to 16m by 16m across. The location of this enclosure on the marshland indicates that it must be of medieval to post medieval date. Other similar earthwork enclosures are present across the marshland with the closest located 400m to the southeast (NHER 42158). Information from [1] suggests that these enclosures are probably sheep cotes. These small enclosures were used to pen sheep overnight so that their manure could be collected. The manure was then transported from the marshes for use as fertiliser on arable fields on the ‘upland’ (S3). It is possible that they may have also included a shepherd's hut. The field had been ploughed and the earthworks levelled by 1963 (S4).
J. Albone (NMP), 21 November 2005

Monument Types

  • BUILDING PLATFORM? (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PLATFORM (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SHEEP FOLD (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STOCK ENCLOSURE (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TRAPEZOIDAL ENCLOSURE (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

<S1>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1634 4033 09-JUL-1946 (NHER TG 4908B).
<S2>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1955. RAF 58/1674 (F21) 333-4 04-MAR-1955 (NMR).
<S3>Monograph: Williamson, T.. 1997. The Norfolk Broads: A Landscape History.. p 46.
<S4>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1963. RAF 543/2531 (F22) 18-9 14-NOV-1963 (NMR).

Related records - none

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