Record Details

NHER Number:42107
Type of record:Monument
Name:Earthwork of a small rectangular enclosure

Summary

An earthwork of a small rectangular enclosure of probable medieval to post medieval date is visible on aerial photographs. A rectangular ditch defined enclosure is present in the marshland to the north of the River Bure. Similar enclosures are present in the marshland to the south and east (NHER 27383, 27386). It is possible that it was a sheep cote used to pen the animals overnight so that their manure could be collected. The manure was then transported to arable land elsewhere for use as fertiliser. The field containing this enclosure was under arable cultivation by 1988 and the earthworks had been levelled.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 46492 10125
Map Sheet:TG41SE
Parish:MAUTBY, GREAT YARMOUTH, NORFOLK

Full description

November 2005. Norfolk NMP.
An earthwork of a small rectangular enclosure of probable medieavl to post medieval date is visible on aerial photographs (S1-S2). This enclosure is located at TG 4649 1012. A rectangular ditch defined enclosure is present in the marshland to the north of the River Bure. It measures 13m by 7m and has rounded corners. It is cut in half by a roughly north to south aligned drainage ditch, which was not mapped. Similar enclosures are present in the marshland to the south and east. Information from [1] suggests that these enclosures are probably sheep cotes. They were used to pen sheep overnight so that their manure could be collected. The manure was then transported from the marshes for use as fertiliser on arable fields elsewhere (S3). The field containing this enclosure was under arable cultivation by 1988 and the earthworks had been levelled (S4).
J. Albone (NMP), 02 November 2005

Monument Types

  • RECTANGULAR ENCLOSURE (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SHEEP FOLD (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STOCK ENCLOSURE (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

<S1>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1964. RAF 58/6402 (F21) 0012 06-JUL-1964 (NMR).
<S2>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1634 2028-9 09-JUL-1946 (NHER TG 4610A / TG 4610C).
<S3>Monograph: Williamson, T.. 1997. The Norfolk Broads: A Landscape History.. p 46.
<S4>Vertical Aerial Photograph: BKS. 1988. BKS 1005-6 14-AUG-1988 (NCC 4079-80).

Related records - none

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