Record Details

NHER Number:38895
Type of record:Monument
Name:Cropmarks of possible Iron Age to Roman period field system


A possible field system, perhaps dating to the Iron Age or Roman periods, is visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs. Although the site is too fragmentary to interpret with much confidence, the ditches all follow the same northeast to southwest or northwest to southeast alignment and appear to form part of the same pattern of land division. This orientation is at odds with, and therefore must be earlier than, the post medieval field system depicted on historic maps and visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs (NHER 38904). It is also shared by a number of other fragmentary field systems to the east, e.g. NHER 38896. Comparison with more complete field systems to the northwest (NHER 38808) and southwest (NHER 38499) would suggest that these sites are likely to date to the Iron Age to Roman periods.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TG 2646 3843
Map Sheet:TG23NE

Full description

October 2004. Norfolk NMP.
The cropmarks described below were previously recorded as NHER 36487.

A group of linear ditches, probably the fragmentary remains of a field system, are visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs (S1), centred at TG 2651 3836. Too little of the site is visible to draw any firm conclusions but it appears to form part of a wide swathe of sites comprising linear cropmarks visible between Mundesley Beck and the modern coastline. The orientation and general layout of these ditches suggests that they represent part of an extensive pattern of land division which probably dates to the Iron Age to Roman periods. A similar pattern of field systems has also been identified to the south, between Mundesley Beck and Brandfield Beck, a tributary of the River Ant. The postulated field system described here appears to respect a small enclosure (NHER 38903), possibly a Neolithic oval barrow or small mortuary enclosure. In places, for example at TG 2658 3830, elements of the field system overlie each other, suggesting that the system was modified or reinstated at various times. It should be noted that due to a lack of control points on the available aerial photographs some of the ditches were sketched rather than mapped from a rectified photograph. Furthermore, while there is a clear difference in orientation between this field system and the later system which overlies it (NHER 38904), there are a number of ditches in both sites which could equally belong to the other.

The field system is visible over an area measuring 740m by 440m. It appears to be predominantly rectilinear in pattern.
S. Tremlett (NMP), 21 October 2004.

Monument Types

  • DITCH (Unknown date)
  • FIELD SYSTEM (Unknown date)
  • DITCH (Early Iron Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)
  • FIELD SYSTEM (Early Iron Age to Roman - 800 BC to 409 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status


Sources and further reading

<S1>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. NHER TG 2638A-E (NLA 373/JBN14, JBP1-4) 19-JUL-1996.

Related records - none

Find out more...

Norfolk County Council logo Heritage Lottery Fund logo

Powered by HBSMR-web and the HBSMR Gateway from exeGesIS SDM Ltd, and mojoPortal CMS
© 2007 - 2024 Norfolk Historic Environment Service