Record Details

NHER Number:39794
Type of record:Monument
Name:Undated earthwork mound and Late Saxon to post-medieval finds


Two large shallow mounds (this site and NHER 39606) were examined during a watching brief in 2003. The possible remains of hearths towards the centres of both mounds suggested that they were built as raised platforms for use in times of serious flooding, perhaps for livestock. The remains of possible post holes beneath both mounds could indicate a structural element predating them.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TG 44706 03689
Map Sheet:TG40SW

Full description

August 2003. Watching Brief.
Work undertaken during construction of new flood defences along the western bank of the River Yare (Broadland Flood Alleviation Project - Compartment 11).
Two large shallow mounds (this site and NHER 39606) situated along the west bank of the Yare were examined in detail and appeared to be of a similar construction. Both were built in two phases and consisted of dumps of re-deposited natural clays. At the centre of both mounds were the probable remains of hearths associated with the first phase of construction. This could indicate that the mounds were simply raised platforms, possibly for stock during times of serious flooding. The features observed beneath both mounds consisted of the probable remains of post holes possibly associated with drainage.
The circular ditch observed beneath this mound may represent the remains of an earlier, much smaller mound.
Finds recovered during work at this site included a small number of worked flints, 274 pottery sherds, animal bone, shell and clay tobacco pipe. The bulk of the pottery was medieval, although a small amount of Late Saxon Thetford-type ware was also present.

In the vinicity of this mound a number of post-medieval pottery sherds were recovered during the excavation of an earlier soke dyke that was apparently associated with a derelict brick-built drainage mill. The exact location of these finds in unclear although it is noted that they were found near Chainage 3200 (TG 44760372). The "drainage mill" is possibly a refence to a nearby structure that once housed a scoopwheel (NHER 55964).
These finds were previously recorded under NHER 39254.

See report (S1) for further details.
The archive associated with this work has been deposited with the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2017.129).
J. Allen (NLA), 6 June 2007. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 3 June 2015 and 18 May 2019.

Monument Types

  • EARTHWORK (Unknown date)
  • HEARTH (Unknown date)
  • MOUND (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Unknown date)
  • MOLLUSCA REMAINS (Unknown date)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CLAY PIPE (SMOKING) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

<S1>Unpublished Contractor Report: Tatler, S. 2004. An Archaeological Watching Brief at Compartments 11 and 35 on the Broadland Flood Alleviation Project. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 931.

Related records - none

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