|Type of record:||Monument|
|Name:||Late Saxon pottery, early medieval pit and several structural features|
It is possible that the area contains remains of a medieval, or even Late Saxon, cemetery from which the current churchyard has contracted. However, no features indicative of this have been noted, and it is thought that the small sub-rectangular features previously noted are likely to be vegetable beds. The south wall of the churchyard is present in this area, as are a number of 18th and 19th century tombstones. Trial trenching in 2002 revealed a burnt surface with Roman tile, and a pit with early medieval pottery and postholes.
Images - none
|Grid Reference:||TF 82039 08920|
|Parish:||SWAFFHAM, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK|
May 2001. Desk-based Assessment.
Assessment of proposed development site to rear of Nos 87-95 Market Place, Swaffham.
Linear north to south aligned features visible over area appeared to be continuations of rows of gravestones in church yard of Saint Peter and Saint Paul to the north (NHER 2698). Rows of small sub-rectangular features were visible between the lines. This would appear to be a possible southern extension of the graveyard to the north. Cartographic evidence would suggest that the area was defined prior to the development of plots on the Market Place frontage in the medieval period. The site would thus appear to be a remnant of the early medieval or even Saxon churchyard, which has since contracted. Tithe map (1843) indicates that area formed rear of residential/commercial property by later post medieval period.
See report (S1) for further details.
S. Tremlett (NAU), 2001. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 6 May 2015.
Site visited following receipt of Desk-based Assessment. The south wall of the churchyard was found to be 18th century in date; the rows of tombstones are partly 19th century, partly a more recent reordering. E. Rose (NLA), D. Gurney (NLA) and A. Rogerson (NLA) considered the small sub-rectangular features to be more probably vegetable beds. The conclusion of the DBA were not accepted, but evaluation was felt to be necessary as the land was clearly of archaeological potential in any case.
E. Rose (NLA), 3 January 2003.
January 2002. Trial Trenching. Contexts 1-64.
Trial trenching revealed a burnt surface containing a fragment of Romano-British tile, a pit containing sherds of early medieval pottery and several structural features including two post-holes. A single flint flake of possible Mesolithic/Early Neolithic date and a burnt flint were also recovered.
See report (S2) for further details. The results of this work are also summarised in (S3).
The associated archive has been deposited with the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2017.621).
D. Gurney (NLA), 6 March 2002. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 17 May 2019.
January 2003. Watching Brief.
No features or artefacts of archaeological interest were observed in the excavated footings. The depth of the trenches reduced the likelihood that underlying archaeological deposits would be observed during the excavation.
See report (S4) for further details.
A. Cattermole (NLA), 1 March 2005.
- FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
- FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
- FINDSPOT (Early Mesolithic to Early Neolithic - 10000 BC to 3001 BC)
- FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
- DITCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
- FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
- PIT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
- POST HOLE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
- CHURCHYARD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- DITCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- HEARTH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- INHUMATION CEMETERY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- PIT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- POST HOLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- BUILDING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- WALL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- ANIMAL REMAINS (Unknown date)
- BURNT FLINT (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC? to 42 AD?)
- FLAKE (Early Mesolithic to Early Neolithic - 10000 BC to 3001 BC)
- FLOOR TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
- POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
- POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
Protected Status - none
Sources and further reading
|---||Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). TF 8208C - D. |
|---||Secondary File: Secondary File. |
|---||Fiche: Exists. |
|<S1>||Unpublished Contractor Report: Tremlett, S. 2001. 87-95 Market Place, Swaffham: Report on an Archaeological Desktop Survey. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 606. |
|<S2>||Unpublished Contractor Report: Hobbs, B. 2002. Report on an Archaeological Evaluation at 87-95 Market Place, Swaffham, Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 666. |
|<S3>||Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 2003. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk, 2002. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIV Pt II pp 368-384. p 381. |
|<S4>||Unpublished Contractor Report: Hobbs, B. 2003. Report on an Archaeological Watching Brief at 87-95 Market Place, Swaffham, Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 792. |
Related records - none
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