Record Details

NHER Number:3669
Type of record:Monument
Name:Two Oaks Roman Villa


In 1964 the remains of a building were discovered by a local labourer. The building was probably a villa or bath, and had a hypocaust floor and painted wall plaster. Roman coins, pottery and building materials were also found on the site.

Images - none


Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TF82SW

Full description

Hypocausted building uncovered, with sherds and painted wall plaster.
Flint, brick and mortar walls, up to 61cm (2ft) wide, and standing 76cm high (2ft 6in).

1964-1966. Amateur Excavation.
Sherds and painted plaster from a hypocausted building were uncovered by Mr. A. Hooks [1], a local labourer.
Walls of flint, mortar, brick, clunch, approximately two feet thick in places and in places standing about two feet six inches high. Sherds of late third to fourth century AD.
Also spread of 10-12 acres of sherds, tiles, painted plaster, iron slag, fragment of seprentine (S1).
Other objects recorded by Mr. Hooks include pottery, a coin of Maximius AD 305-311 (follis), keys, knives, and a bobbin. One pot said to be found "smashed on floor of villa" (S2)
Reported in the EDP.
Information compiled from (S3) and (S4). Objects in Norwich Castle Museum NCM 584.964 as well as [1] and [2].
Scheduling description (S5) indicates that Mr. Hooks was given permission to dig an area of about 100 feet by 150 feet in May 1965.
H. Hamilton (HES), 09 January 2013.

July-August? 2012. See Notes.
D. Gurney (HES), 07 August 2014.

Monument Types

  • HYPOCAUST (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VILLA (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BOBBIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KNIFE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • WALL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument

Sources and further reading

---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Roman. Massingham (Great) [2].
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Collection: Norfolk Historic Environment Record Staff. 1975-[2000]. HER Record Notes. Norfolk Historic Environment Service.
---Designation: [Various]. Scheduling and/or Listing Correspondence. Correspondence. DNF598.
<S1>Correspondence: Green, B. and Dimes, F.G.. 1964. Letter from B. Green (NCM) to F.G.Dimes (Geological Survey and Museum London) and reply regarding object identification..
<S2>Unpublished Document: Hook, A.E.. 1981. Mr. Albert E. Hooks Finds Catalogue, c. 1964-1981..
<S3>Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
<S4>Map: NCM. NCM Record Map.
<S5>Designation: [unknown]. Ancient Monuments Form. SAM Record. DNF598.

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