Record Details

NHER Number:2694
Type of record:Building
Name:Market Cross (formerly Butter Market Cross), Market Place, Swaffham


This market cross was built in 1781 to 1783 for the Earl of Orford, probably by James Wyatt. The building itself is a rotunda of unfluted Doric columns surmounted by a figure of Ceres.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TF 8195 0891
Map Sheet:TF80NW

Full description

Market Cross 1783. Tuscan columns support domed roof with figure of Ceres.
E. Rose (NAU).

Press cuttings (S1).
Specifications for repair (S2) in file.

January 1951. Listed, Grade II.
Listing Description Excerpt:
"Butter Cross MARKET PLACE. Market cross. 1781-83. By Mr Wyatt (probably James). For the Earl of Orford. Limestone; lead roof. Circular on plan. 8 unfluted Roman Doric columns set on a triple-stepped plinth support a plain entablature. 2 leaded steps lead into half-round dome upon which is statue of Ceres. Dished plaster ceiling beneath dome."
Information from (S3).
Please consult the National Heritage List for England (S1) for the current details.
Amended by H. Hamilton (HES), 8 November 2019.

November 1999. Descheduled.
Remains protected as a Listed Building.
Information from (S4).
H. Mellor (HES), 22 June 2018.

Monument Types

  • MARKET CROSS (18th Century to 21st Century - 1781 AD? to 2100 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status

  • Listed Building

Sources and further reading

---Designation: [unknown]. Ancient Monuments Form. SAM Record. DNF224.
---Designation: Corbishley, M.. 1983. AM107.
---Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TF 80 NW 27 [2].
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2010. A town where history and innovation go hand in hand. 2 February.
---Monograph: Pevsner, N and Wilson, W. 1999. Norfolk 2: North-West and South. The Buildings of England. 2nd Edition. p 681; Pl 73.
---Monograph: Pevsner, N. 1962. North-West and South Norfolk. The Buildings of England. 1st Edition. p 332; Pl 61b.
---Newspaper Article: Lynn News. 1997. Councils row over ownership of Buttercross. 12 December.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1998. Problems revealed at town landmark. 5 January.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1999. Towering division. 9 August.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2000. [Articles on the dispute between the funding of the repair work needed at Butter Market Cross].
---Newspaper Article: Lynn News. 2000. Ceres gets a wash and brush-up. 25 August.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Post-Medieval. Swaffham.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2014. Town’s historic landmark is set for a revamp. 6 March.
<S1>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1984. Safe for 500 years. 28 April.
<S2>Unpublished Document: Malcolm Whittley and Associates. 1998. Specification of Building Works for Refurbishment to The Buttercross, Market Place, Swaffham, Norfolk.
<S3>Designation: Historic England. National Heritage List for England. List Entry 1269570.
<S4>Designation: English Heritage. 1990-2013. English Heritage Scheduling Notification. Notification. DNF224.

Related records - none

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