Record Details

NHER Number:25848
Type of record:Monument
Name:Early Saxon cemetery and multi-period finds

Summary

Metal-detecting between 1990 and 2015 recovered a late prehistoric flint flake; post-medieval pottery sherds; a Late Saxon or medieval hone stone; Roman, medieval and post-medieval coins; medieval and post-medieval tokens; post-medieval jettons and Roman to post-medieval metal objects. The metal finds include Roman nails, a brooch, chisel and votive model; Early Saxon brooches, a wrist clasp, buckle, girdle hanger, pendant and sleeve clasp; a Middle Saxon brooch and chatelaine; a Late Saxon brooch, strap-end and harness; a Late Saxon to post-medieval spindle whorl; medieval to post-medieval dress accessories; a medieval book fitting, harness mount, papal bull, horse harness pendant, lead pot mend and cauldron and chafing dish fragments; a medieval/post-medieval skimmer, copper alloy ring, 'paper-clip' rivet and crotal bell and post-medieval weights, a finger ring, cloth seal, rowel spur, powder measure, crotal bell, harness mount and less than one half of a pair of scissors.
A concentration of Early Saxon finds in one area suggests an inhumation cemetery of that period.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TF92SE
Parish:NORTH ELMHAM, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

All Early Saxon finds are from grid reference [1] (context 2); the other finds are from over the whole field (context 1).

1990.
Early Saxon finds, see (S2, S4, S5, S6, S7 and S8) suggesting inhumation cemetery.
Also medieval harness pendant.
See 1: 2500 map and list in file.
Photographed (S1).
A. Rogerson (NLA), 13 September 1990.

December 1990-January 1991. Metal-detecting.
Further Late Saxon and medieval metalwork.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 21 January 1991.

February-March 1991. Metal-detecting.
Medieval coins and metalwork.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 26 March 1991.

March 1991. Metal-detecting.
2 Roman coins.
Early Saxon small-long brooch, (S9).
Medieval buckle, button, token and cast cauldron foot.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 29 April 1991.

February 1992. Metal-detecting.
Medieval and post-medieval coins and tokens
See list in file.
J. Davies (NCM), 4 March 1992.

March 1992. Metal-detecting.
14th century strap end with trefoil terminal. Made of three plates.
Medieval copper alloy buckle with suspension loop.
Identified by S. Margeson (NCM).
J. Davies (NCM), 31 March 1992.

May 1992. Metal-detecting.
Edward I penny, Durham mint, 1272-1307.
Nuremberg jetton; rose/orb type. 1550-1635.
Mid-17th century Flemish coin weight; Amsterdam.
Identified by J. Davies (NCM).
J. Davies (NCM), 9 June 1992.

1992. Metal-detecting.
Late Saxon harness.
Medieval jetton.
See description in file.

January 1993. Metal-detecting.
Early Saxon girdle hangers and wrist clasp eye-plate, (S10).
See description in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 2 March 1993.

1993. Metal-detecting.
Early Saxon and medieval metalwork.
See description in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 8 March 1993.

December 1993-January 1994. Metal-detecting.
One pierced Roman coin.
Two post-medieval jettons.
Coin form in file.
Identified by S. Margeson and J. Davies (NCM).
A. Rogerson (NLA), 8 February 1994.

April 1994. Metal-detecting.
Further Early Saxon finds including buckle and two post-medieval jettons.
See lists in file and (S11).
A. Rogerson (NLA), 8 June 1994.

December 1995-January 1996. Metal-detecting.
1) Copper alloy medieval circular seal matrix with stem handle in centre of reverse with pierced loop.
2) St. John the Baptist holding lamb and flag in left hand and standing between palm branches, with misspelt legend: ECCE ANGNVS DEI. (S15).
Photograph (S1) of impression.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 30 January 1996.

January-February 1996. Metal-detecting.
Slightly battered papal bull Boniface IX (written as 'VIIII'), 1389-1404.
Fragment of late medieval/early post-medieval purse bar. X motif repeated in pairs of incised lines, part of one hole at each broken end.
One medieval coin, one medieval jetton, three post-medieval jettons.
See coin list in file.
Identified by A. Rogerson (NLA) and J. Davies (NCM).
A. Rogerson (NLA), 11 March 1996.

March-April 1996. Metal-detecting.
Gilded post-medieval harness stud, openwork, circular, with projections at one side and internally forming a star; crescent moon with face in low relief. Two spikes on reverse.
Identified by S. Margeson (NCM).
A. Rogerson (NLA), 8 May 1996.

January 1996. Metal-detecting.
Early Saxon/Middle Saxon strap end of unusual form.
Medieval buckle and coin.
Post-medieval coins and tokens.
Undated/?Roman chisel.
See coin form and list in file.
D. Gurney (NLA), 22 April 1996.

October-November 1998. Metal-detecting at northern end of site.
Medieval and post-medieval metal finds (including much modern material).
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 9 December 1998.

November-December 1998. Metal-detecting.
One medieval coin.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 11 January 1999.

January-February 1999. Metal-detecting.
Middle Saxon strap-end.
Medieval and post-medieval metal finds.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 6 March 1999.

March-April 1999. Metal-detecting.
Post-medieval tokens.
Early Saxon brooch, (S12).
Papal bull.
Medieval pendant.
Post-medieval sherd.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 12 May 1999.

October-November 1999. Metal-detecting.
Early Saxon annular brooch.
Medieval and post-medieval metal finds.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 4 December 1999.

November-December 2000. Metal-detecting.
One post-medieval coin.
Roman, post-medieval and medieval metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 10 January 2001.

August-September 2001. Metal-detecting.
Post-medieval coins.
Early Saxon small-long brooch (S1).
Post-medieval lead cloth seal (S3).
See lists in file.
S. Ashley (NLA), 9 October 2001.

September-October 2001. Metal-detecting.
Medieval coins and buckle fragment.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 3 January 2001.

October 2001. Metal-detecting.
West end of field.
Three post-medieval coins.
Medieval/post-medieval metal finds.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 14 December 2001.

February-March 2002. Metal-detecting.
Roman coin.
Post-medieval jetton and token.
Medieval wall or ceiling decoration.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 10 April 2002.

October-November 2002. Metal-detecting.
Post-medieval gold posy ring.
See description in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 10 December 2002.

February-March 2003. Metal-detecting at end of site in and around Early Saxon cemetery.
Three Early Saxon objects.
Medieval and post-medieval metal finds including two jettons.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 7 April 2003.

August-September 2003. Metal-detecting.
Remarkable 7th century suspension unit from belt, (S13).
Two post-medieval objects.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 6 October 2003.

August-September 2004. Metal-detecting.
Two post-medieval jettons.
Medieval buckle.
Medieval/post-medieval rumbler bell.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 7 October 2004.

September-October 2004. Metal-detecting.
Two post-medieval coins, one token and two jettons.
Medieval and post-medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 6 November 2004.

November-December 2004. Metal-detecting.
Two post-medieval coins.
Two post-medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 11 January 2004.

December 2004-January 2005. Metal-detecting.
Early Saxon brooch.
Post-medieval coin, spur and sherd.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 8 February 2005.

January-February 2005. Metal-detecting.
One Roman coin.
Medieval and post-medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 3 March 2005.

January-February 2006. Metal-detecting.
Medieval and post-medieval metal objects.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 8 March 2006.

February-March 2006. Metal-detecting.
Medieval harness mount and post-medieval cloth seal.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 8 April 2006.

Folded papal bulla found in 1999 and not pontifically attributed, now identified as of Innocent IV (1243-54).
See description in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 22 April 2006.

March-April 2006. Metal-detecting.
Two post-medieval jettons.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 3 May 2006.

2005-2006. Metal-detecting.
One medieval coin.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 10 June 2006.

August-September 2006. Metal-detecting.
One medieval and one post-medieval coin.
Hines form B1 Early Saxon wrist clasp, (S14).
Medieval and post-medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 5 October 2006.

August-September 2007. Metal-detecting.
One medieval and one post-medieval jetton, medieval and post-medieval objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 8 October 2007.

October-November 2007. Metal-detecting.
One Roman and one post-medieval coin, medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 10 December 2007.

November-December 2007. Metal-detecting.
One post-medieval token.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 2 January 2008.

October-November 2008. Metal-detecting.
Medieval and post-medieval metal objects, post-medieval coin and coin weight.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 5 December 2008.

December 2008-January 2009. Metal-detecting.
Medieval strap end and post-medieval button.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 4 February 2009.

August-September 2009. Metal-detecting.
Roman Aesica brooch.
See description in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 12 October 2009.

January-February 2010. Metal-detecting.
Prehistoric flint flake, Early Saxon and medieval/post-medieval metal objects and post-medieval coin.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 5 March 2010.

February-March 2010. Metal-detecting.
Post-medieval buckle.
See description in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 1 April 2010.

April-May 2010. Metal-detecting.
Late Saxon or medieval hone stone, post-medieval coin and jetton.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 6 June 2010.

June-July 2010. Metal-detecting.
Early Saxon, medieval, medieval/post-medieval and post-medieval metal objects.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 25 August 2010.

August-September 2010. Metal-detecting.
Medieval and post-medieval metal objects, 2 post-medieval coins and 1 token.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 6 October 2010.

September-October 2011. Metal-detecting.
Early Saxon wrist clasp and medieval harness pendant.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 3 November 2011.

October-November 2011. Metal-detecting.
Medieval harness mount & two post-medieval coins.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 13 December 2011.

April-May 2013. Metal-detecting. [2].
1 medieval coin and buckle.
Medieval/post-medieval crudely cast copper alloy ring.
Post-medieval button.
Information from PAS import.
P. Watkins (HES), 4 July 2013.

October-November 2013. Metal-detecting. [3].
Late Saxon to post-medieval lead spindle whorl.
Medieval/post-medieval discoidal lead weight.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 7 January 2014.

December 2013-January 2014. Metal-detecting. [4].
1 post-medieval jetton.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 3 March 2014.

January-February 2014. Metal-detecting. [5].
Medieval strap-end.
Medieval/post-medieval 'paper-clip' rivet.
Post-medieval crotal bell.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 1 April 2014.

October-November 2014. Metal-detecting. [6].
Medieval strap-end.
Medieval/post-medieval copper alloy ring.
Post-medieval harness mount.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 3 December 2014.

March-April 2015. Metal-detecting. [7].
Medieval strap-end.
1 post-medieval coin and less than one half of a pair of scissors.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 5 May 2015.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • CEMETERY (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • INHUMATION CEMETERY (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon to 19th Century - 851 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon to Medieval - 851 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • CHISEL (Undated)
  • FLAKE (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • CHISEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • NAIL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • NAIL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VOTIVE MODEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • CHATELAINE (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • GIRDLE HANGER (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • PENANNULAR BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • PENDANT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • RING (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • CHATELAINE (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • HARNESS (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP END (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • SWORD (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • WHETSTONE (Late Saxon to Medieval - 851 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BOOK FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BULL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUTTON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CAULDRON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CHAFING DISH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COOKING VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CROTAL (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS PENDANT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT MEND (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PURSE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RING (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • RIVET (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SCABBARD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SEAL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SKIMMER (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPUR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOKEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOKEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1300 AD to 1500 AD)
  • RING (Medieval to 16th Century - 1300 AD to 1600 AD)
  • RING (Medieval to 16th Century - 1300 AD to 1600 AD)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Medieval to 17th Century - 1300 AD to 1700 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval to 17th Century - 1300 AD to 1700 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval to 17th Century - 1300 AD to 1700 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1305 AD to 1306 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1350 AD to 1450 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CHAFING DISH (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLOTH SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COOKING VESSEL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HARNESS (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • JETTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POWDER MEASURE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PURSE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • RING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • ROWEL SPUR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STUD (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SWORD BELT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • VESSEL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (16th Century - 1560 AD? to 1560 AD?)
  • JETTON (16th Century to 17th Century - 1580 AD to 1613 AD)
  • JETTON (16th Century to 17th Century - 1586 AD to 1635 AD)
  • COIN (16th Century - 1587 AD to 1590 AD)
  • BUTTON (16th Century to 18th Century - 1600 AD to 1800 AD)
  • CROTAL (16th Century to 18th Century - 1600 AD to 1800 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (16th Century to 17th Century - 1600 AD to 1700 AD)
  • SCISSORS (16th Century to 18th Century - 1600 AD to 1800 AD)
  • JETTON (17th Century - 1608 AD to 1612 AD)
  • COIN (17th Century - 1625 AD to 1634 AD)
  • COIN (17th Century - 1672 AD to 1679 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Unpublished Document: Margeson, S. 1980-1996. S. Margeson's personal notes on individual finds. Find Description Notes.
---Unpublished Document: Department for Culture, Media and Sport. 2003. Treasure Annual Report 2002. p 115; No 159.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Photograph: 1999. KSJ 18, Middle Saxon small strap-end..
---Photograph: 1999. KSL 15, Early Saxon cruciform brooch..
---Photograph: 1999. KSQ 27, Annular brooch fragment..
---Photograph: 2001. KSZ 19, Early Saxon brooch fragment..
---Photograph: 2003. KTW 34-36, Early/Middle Saxon openwork casket mount..
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Photograph: 2003. LFW 8, Early Saxon penannular brooch..
---Photograph: 2003. LFW 9, Early Saxon unidentified object..
---Photograph: 2003. LFW 10, Early Saxon small long brooch..
---Collection: Norfolk Historic Environment Record Staff. 1975-[2000]. HER Record Notes. Norfolk Historic Environment Service.
---Photograph: FTH 9-11, FVA 11-12, 14-16.
<S1>Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
<S2>Illustration: Penn, K.. Unknown. Drawing of an Early Saxon cruciform brooch.. Film. 2:1.
<S3>Photograph: NCC Find Identification and Recording Service. c. 1975-2000. HES Find Polaroid Collection. HES Find Polaroid Collection. polaroid. black and white.
<S4>Illustration: Penn, K.. Unknown. Drawing of an Early Saxon copper alloy suspension ring.. Film. 2:1.
<S5>Illustration: Penn, K.. Unknown. Drawing of an Early Saxon wrist clasp eye-plate.. Film. 2:1.
<S6>Illustration: Penn, K.. Unknown. Drawing of an Early Saxon small long brooch.. Film. 2:1.
<S7>Illustration: Penn, K.. Unknown. Drawing of an Early Saxon head-plate of cruciform brooch.. Film. 2:1.
<S8>Illustration: Penn, K.. Unknown. Drawing of an Early Saxon wrist-clasp hook-plate.. Film. 2:1.
<S9>Illustration: Penn, K.. Unknown. Drawing of an Early Saxon small-long brooch.. Film. 2:1.
<S10>Illustration: Penn, K.. Unknown. Drawings of 2 Early Saxon girdle hangers and an Early Saxon wrist-clasp eye-plate.. Film. 2:1.
<S11>Illustration: Penn, K. 1994. Drawings of an Early Saxon small-long brooch and an Early Saxon buckle.. Film. Unknown.
<S12>Illustration: Penn, K.. 1999. Drawing of an Early Saxon cruciform brooch.. Film. 2:1.
<S13>Illustration: Penn, K.. 2003. Drawing of an Early/Middle Saxon suspension unit.. Film. 2:1.
<S14>Illustration: Gibbons, J. 2006. Drawing of an Early Saxon button rivet from a wrist-clasp.. Film. 2:1.
<S15>Article in Serial: Geake, H., Rogerson, A. and Ashley, S. 1999. Medieval Seal Matrices from Norfolk, 1996-1998. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIII Pt II pp 353-358. no 62, p 356.

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