Record Details

NHER Number:24537
Type of record:Find Spot
Name:Possible Roman settlement and multi-period finds

Summary

Metal detecting here during 1987-91 recovered a range of Roman objects, including pottery sherds, roof tiles and bricks, coins, brooches, steelyard weights, a copper alloy bracelet and various strap, furniture and harness fittings. The size and diversity of this assemblage strongly suggests that some form of Roman settlement foci was present at this location. A notable number of the pottery sherds and metal objects are of 3rd- to 4th-century date, suggesting that activity may have peaked during the Late Roman period.

Other finds recovered included ?Mesolithic and Neolithic worked flints; medieval and medieval/post-medieval pottery sherds; medieval and post-medieval coins and a number of other metal objects. The metal finds included a Bronze Age copper alloy axe fragment; possible Early Saxon tweezers; a medieval copper alloy chrismatory (a small vessel initially identified as Roman) and belt mount; a post-medieval hooked tag, buckle spoon and copper alloy ring and undatable (but potentially Roman) iron and copper alloy metal working debris.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TM29NE
Parish:SHOTESHAM, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Late 1987. Metal-detecting.
Found by [1]:
Bronze Age copper alloy axe blade fragment. See copy of drawing (S1).
19 Roman coins, 2 brooches, strap slide and propeller-shaped belt ornament (?military).
?Roman ?belt end, 4 unidentified copper alloy objects and copper alloy waste.
See lists in file. Polaroids (S2) taken of most non-numismatic objects.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 28 January 2014.

December 1987-March 1988. Fieldwalking and metal-detecting.
Found by [2]:
1 ?Mesolithic flint end scraper.
3 Iron Age pottery sherds (gritty).
57 Roman coins, many pottery sherds (including 3rd/4th-century greywares, 4th-century shell-gritted ware, Oxfordshire red ware, Nene Valley colour coated, Oxfordshire mortarium and 2nd-century Samian), tegulae, bricks, 3 brooches, amphora-shaped strap end, trinket ring, decorative ?belt mount, enamelled buckle (copy of a military buckle), copper alloy pin, copper alloy cauldron repair plate, box/furniture stud and 3 lead steelyard weights.
?Roman ?harness ring, ?steelyard arm, ?small patera handle, copper alloy strip and copper alloy pommel (with wood inside).
1 medieval coin and copper alloy chrismatory (originally identified as a miniature Roman vessel, but subsequently re-identifed from polaroid by A. Rogerson).
3 medieval/post-medieval pottery sherds.
1 post-medieval coin, hooked tag, buckle, silvered/tinned copper alloy spoon and copper alloy ring.
3 undatable copper alloy rings, copper alloy rod and iron slag.
Flint identified by J. J. Wymer (NAU) and other objects by T. Gregory (NAU), S. Margeson (NCM) and W. Milligan (NCM). See lists and descriptions in file. Polaroids were taken of many of the metal objects (S2), including the medieval chrismatory. The worked flint, Iron Age pottery, Roman pottery, Roman tile, medieval/post-medieval pottery and undatable iron slag were subsequently given to the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 1998.388.10.1).
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 27 January 2013.

Pre June 1988. Metal-detecting.
Found by [3]:
19 Roman coins, pottery sherds (including Samian and 4th century shell-gritted ware), 2 brooches (including enamelled hinged Colchester derivative - polaroid (S1) taken by NCM) and copper alloy bracelet.
?Roman unfinished copper alloy pin.
?Early Saxon ?tweezers fragment.
Undatable copper alloy waste.
Finds identified by T. Gregory (NAU) and S. Margeson (NCM); see lists in file. The Roman coins, one of the brooches, the bracelet and the copper alloy waste were donated to the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 1999.4.6), along with 4 previously unreported Neolithic flint flakes.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 27 January 2013.

1989. Metal-detecting.
Found by [2]:
2 Roman coins and steelyard weight.
See lists in file.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 27 January 2013.

1991. Metal-detecting.
Found by [2]:
1 Roman coin and 2 brooches.
See lists in file. One of these brooches (or possible the one found in 1987/1988) was subsequently given to the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 1998.388.10.1.1).
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 27 January 2013.

1991. Metal-detecting.
Found by [3]:
1 Roman coin.
1 medieval coin, 1 pottery sherd and copper alloy (?belt) mount.
See lists in file. The Roman coin and the medieval mount was donated to the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 1999.4.6)
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 27 January 2013.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Mesolithic - 10000 BC? to 4001 BC?)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 410 AD? to 650 AD?)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Undated)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Unknown date)
  • RING (Unknown date)
  • ROD (Unknown date)
  • END SCRAPER (Mesolithic - 10000 BC? to 4001 BC?)
  • FLAKE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • AXEHEAD (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • AXEHEAD (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BOW BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRICK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • CAULDRON (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING? (Roman - 43 AD? to 409 AD?)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Roman - 43 AD? to 409 AD?)
  • MINIATURE OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIN (Roman - 43 AD? to 409 AD?)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STEELYARD WEIGHT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STEELYARD WEIGHT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STEELYARD? (Roman - 43 AD? to 409 AD?)
  • STRAP END (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Roman - 43 AD? to 409 AD?)
  • STUD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SWORD? (Roman - 43 AD? to 409 AD?)
  • TEGULA (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD? to 409 AD?)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD? to 409 AD?)
  • VESSEL? (Roman - 43 AD? to 409 AD?)
  • TWEEZERS? (Early Saxon - 411 AD? to 650 AD?)
  • CHRISMATORY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HOOKED TAG (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • RING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPOON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Illustration: [Norwich Castle Museum staff]. 1987. Drawing of a Bronze Age copper alloy axe blade fragment. Paper. 1:1.
<S2>Photograph: NCC Find Identification and Recording Service. c. 1975-2000. HES Find Polaroid Collection. HES Find Polaroid Collection. polaroid. black and white.

Related records - none

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