Record Details

NHER Number:24399
Type of record:Monument
Name:World War Two pillbox


A World War Two type 22 pillbox is visible on 1946 aerial photographs on a flat shelf towards the base of the cliffs to the east of Beach Road Runton in 1941-2. Due to subsequent erosion this pillbox is a half-buried location on the beach between the high and low tide line.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TG 2052 4267
Map Sheet:TG24SW

Full description

On beach. Pillbox, half buried, polygonal, brick.
E. Rose (NAU) March 1988.

August 1994.
No change.
E. Rose (NLA) 15 August 1994.

See (S1), which adds:
Common, type 22A pillbox. Date 1940. Smaller than usual, with quite large loopholes. Only known pillbox to have literary reference (S2)!
Survey No. D3-12.
D. Walker (NLA) July 1996.

May 2004.
No change (remarkably, given the amount of cliff fall - it is between high and low water mark).
E. Rose (NLA) 17 May 2004.

Central grid reference of site moved from TG 205 427 to TG 2052 4267 to include current position on pillbox on beach and original position on cliff.

October 2004. Norfolk NMP.
A World War Two type 22 pillbox is visible on aerial photographs located on a projecting shelf towards the base of the cliffs to the east of Beach Road Runton in 1941-2 (S3-S4). The pillbox was originally located on a flat shelf approximately two-thirds of the way down the cliff face at approximately TG 2052 4266. A line of barbed wire was located at the base of cliff at this time, see NHER 38528 for details. The cliff shelf has obviously eroded away since the 1940’s and a rectification using a recent vertical aerial photographs indicates that the pillbox’s present position is TG 2052 4268 (S6).
S. Massey (NMP) 21 October 2004.

May-November 2004. Norfolk Rapid Coastal Zone Archaeological Survey.
Inter-tidal survey (Environmental Zone 15), Context 287:
A World War Two type 22 pillbox located at TG 20529 42689 was monitored.
See assessment report (S7) for further details.
The associated archive has been deposited with the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2017.421).
J. Allen (NLA) 22 April 2005. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 21 July 2019.

Monument Types

  • PILLBOX (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Recording Form: [various]. Norfolk Defensive Structures Survey Recording Form. Norfolk Defensive Structures Survey.
<S2>Monograph: Theroux, P.. 2006. The Kingdom by the Sea: A Journey Around the Coast of Great Britain.. p 345.
<S3>Oblique Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1940. NMR TG 2042/13 (MSO 31024 26/BR14/17 5311) 15-OCT-1940.
<S4>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1941. RAF S/378 79-80 07-AUG-1941 (NMR).
<S5>Oblique Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1941. NMR TG 2042/17 (MSO 31254 S449/H52 9) 28-AUG-1941.
<S6>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Environment Agency. 2002. EA 038 AF/02C/339 6906-7 22-JUL-2002 (EA).
<S7>Unpublished Contractor Report: Robertson, D., Crawley, P., Barker, A., and Whitmore, S. 2005. Norfolk Rapid Coastal Zone Archaeological Survey. Assessment Report and Updated Project Design. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 1045.

Related records - none

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