Record Details

NHER Number:1930
Type of record:Find Spot
Name:Palaeolithic flint flake and possible handaxe, Quarles


In 1926 a Palaeolithic flint flake was recovered from a gravel pit in Quarles (now part of Holkham parish). In 1930 an object described as a Palaeolithic handaxe from gravel at Quarles was exhibited at a meeting of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia. This had probably been recovered at the same site.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TF 8839 3847
Map Sheet:TF83NE

Full description

1926. Stray Find.
Found by J. E. Sainty in gravel pit at Quarles (now part of Holkham parish):
1 Palaeolithic flint flake. Donated to Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 1955.27). This flake is listed in (S1) (provenance recorded as "Quarles").
Information from (S2).
It is also noted on (S3) and in (S4), (S5) and (S6) although no additional information is given.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 8 July 2014.

Pre November 1930. Stray Find.
On 18 November 1930 A. Q. Watson exhibited a "Chellean handaxe from gravel at Quarles" at a meeting of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia (S7). This object is noted on (S3) and (S8).
This was probably recovered at the same pit as the flake found in 1926, although its exact nature and present whereabouts remain unclear. It should be noted that many of the objects identified as "Chellean" during the early 20th century are now regarded as dubious artefacts.
R.J. Rickett (NAU) 26 July 1990. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 8 July 2014.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 1000000 BC to 40001 BC)

Associated Finds

  • FLAKE (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)
  • HANDAXE? (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC? to 40001 BC?)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
<S1>Monograph: Roe, D. A. 1968. A Gazetteer of British Lower and Middle Palaeolithic Sites. CBA Research Report. No 8. p 237.
<S2>Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Palaeolithic.
<S3>Record Card: Wymer, J. J. Wymer Index Card - Palaeolithic. Holkham (Quarles).
<S4>Publication: Wymer, J. J. 1985. Palaeolithic Sites of East Anglia. p 17.
<S5>Unpublished Contractor Report: 1997. The English Rivers Palaeolithic Project. Regions 8 (East Anglian Rivers) and 11 (Trent Drainage). Wessex Archaeology. p 46.
<S6>Website: TERPS online database. Site 22438.
<S7>Article in Serial: 1930. Summary of Proceedings. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia. Vol VI Pt III pp 249-251. p 251.
<S8>Record Card: Ordnance Survey Records / Pastscape.

Related records - none

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