Record Details

NHER Number:17977
Type of record:Monument
Name:Multi-period settlement site


This site has a long history of settlement activity dating back to the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age. There was probably a settlement here in the Iron Age which expanded into the Roman period. This was one of only two sites in Loddon that remained occupied in the Early Saxon period, but had been abandoned by the Middle Saxon period. Fieldwalking and metal detecting have recovered prehistoric flints, Neolithic and Bronze Age pottery, Roman pottery, coins and tiles, Early Saxon brooches and other Early Saxon metal finds, and medieval and post medieval pottery.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TM 36 96
Map Sheet:TM39NE

Full description

24 February 1982. Fieldwalking by Hales Survey (retains).
Flint flakes.
Bronze Age, Neolithic, Beaker, Iron Age/Early Saxon wares, (S2).
Roman pottery and tile.
Medieval, post medieval finds.
Identified by F. Healy (NAU) and A. Rogerson (NAU) February 1982.
See list and drawings in file.
2 Contexts.
1. General scatter.
2. Site of old house; see Notes for ngr
A. Rogerson (NAU) 15 March 1982.

1983 and 1984.
More finds, see file.
Also 1 sherd Ipswich ware.
See 1986 reidentifications.

August 1993. Found with metal detecting.
Roman coins.
Early Saxon brooches, (S3).
See full details in file.
Drawings NCM.
J. Davies (NCM) 30 September 1993.

July/August 1994.
3 Roman coins.
Identified by J. Davies (NCM).
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 14 November 1994.

(S1) records this at Site 42, a site with a long history of settlement activity. The earliest occupation on the site dates from the Neolithic to Early Bronze Age period, and hundreds of worked flints have been recovered as well as fragments of pottery. Fragments of Iron Age pottery have been found, hinting at expansion of settlement during the Iron Age. This expansion became more marked during the Roman period. This may have acted as a 'central place', as the sheltered site is situated on good soils within easy reach of a water supply. The site appears to have been a centre from which settlement expansion took place. Settlement contracted at the end of the Roman period, and this site is one of only two in Loddon that remained occupied in the Early Saxon period (see NHER 16857). A single fragment of Middle Saxon pottery has been found on the site, indicating the final phase of settlement on the site before its abandonment.
See (S1) for a more detailed discussion of this site.
S. Spooner (NLA) 23 May 2006

Monument Types

  • OCCUPATION SITE (Early Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • SETTLEMENT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)

Associated Finds

  • QUERN (Undated)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Undated)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • BOWL (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FLUE TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • STUD (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---*Fieldwork: Hales Survey. 42. Hales.
---*Fieldwork: Hales Survey. 42a. Hales.
---Map: Finder's Map..
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Article in Serial: Healy, F. 1984. Recent Finds of Neolithic Bowl Pottery in Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XXXIX Pt I pp 65-82.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Collection: Norfolk Historic Environment Record Staff. 1975-[2000]. HER Record Notes. Norfolk Historic Environment Service.
<S1>Monograph: Davison, A.. 1990. The Evolution of Settlement in Three Parishes in South-East Norfolk.. East Anglian Archaeology. Vol 49. p 66.
<S2>Illustration: Unknown. 1983. Drawing of an Early Saxon sherd with stamped decoration.. Paper. 1:1.
<S3>Illustration: Davies, J.A.. 1983. Drawing of an Early Saxon square-headed brooch foot plate.. Paper. 2:1.

Related records - none

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