Record Details

NHER Number:16857
Type of record:Monument
Name:Multi-period settlement site


The earliest evidence for settlement activity on this site dates from the Neolithic to the Early Bronze Age period, and a number of worked flint and fragments of pottery have been recovered during fieldwalking. This was the site of an Iron Age settlement which continued to develop in the Roman period when this was one of a number of small settlements strung out along a ridge. The site continued to be occupied into the Early Saxon period, but the settlement shifted away during the Middle Saxon period, and the site remained unoccupied until the medieval period. The medieval and early post medieval settlement may have been associated with a possible post mill that is visible as a cropmark on aerial photographs.


  • The multi-period settlement site near Transport Lane, Loddon can be seen from the air as soilmarks  © Norfolk Museums & Archaeology Service


Grid Reference:TM 3688 9675
Map Sheet:TM39NE

Full description


1980. Field south of Transport Drove. Finds from NARG fieldwalking.
Roman sherds (Samian, Oxfordshire, etc.).
Prehistoric flints and pot boilers.
Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age sherd.
Late Saxon, medieval and post medieval sherds.
Early Saxon? sherd.
Oddments of metal.
See list in file.
Identified by A. Rogerson (NAU) November 1980.
E. Rose (NAU) 5 December 1980.

1981 to 1982.
Further finds.

Further finds, including Iron Age.
See file for details.
A. Rogerson (NAU) 15 March 1982 and September 1983.

19 July 1977. NAU air photography.
Circular cropmark with central '+' indicating site of post mill.
D. Edwards (NAU) 18 December 1980.

(S1) records this as Site 14 and describes it in some detail. Fieldwalking revealed Neolithic to Early Bronze Age activity on the site in the form of many worked flint and fragments of pottery. A 'major concentration' of Iron Age pottery suggests that a settlement developed here, and continued to be of importance into the Roman period. This was one of a cluster of Roman settlements on a ridge that formed a larger village. This site was one of only two in Loddon that were occupied during the Early Saxon period, and the settlement at this site was probably secondary to the bigger settlement at Site 42 (NHER 17977). Settlement shifted away from the site in the Middle Saxon period, and the site was not re-occupied until the medieval period. Activity continued into the post medieval period, and this may have been the site of a mill.
See (S1) for more details.
S. Spooner (NLA) 22 May 2006

Monument Types

  • OCCUPATION SITE (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC)
  • SETTLEMENT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • POST MILL (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WINDMILL (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • HORSESHOE (Undated)
  • NAIL (Undated)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT BOILER (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1977. NHER TM 3696J-K (NLA 45/AHZ24-5) 19-JUL-1977.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Collection: Norfolk Historic Environment Record Staff. 1975-[2000]. HER Record Notes. Norfolk Historic Environment Service.
<S1>Monograph: Davison, A.. 1990. The Evolution of Settlement in Three Parishes in South-East Norfolk.. East Anglian Archaeology. Vol 49. pp 26-28.

Related records - none

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