Record Details

NHER Number:15539
Type of record:Monument
Name:Ditched enclosure and multi period finds

Summary

Aerial photography in 1974 revealed the cropmarks of a ditched enclosure. Metal-detecting and fieldwalking from 1983 to 2017 recovered a wide range of objects. Finds include Roman, Middle Saxon and medieval coins; Roman and Saxon pottery fragments; a Roman harness fitting; Early Saxon brooches and mounts; a Late Saxon zoomorphic Borre style disc brooch; Saxon tweezers and medieval and post medieval objects.

Images

  • A Late Saxon backwards-turning beast disc brooch from Crimplesham  © Norfolk Museums & Archaeology Service
  • Early Saxon mount from NHER 15539  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon cruciform brooch from NHER 15539  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon mount from NHER 15539  © Norfolk County Council
  • Early Saxon small-long brooch from NHER 15539  © Norfolk County Council
  • Late Saxon disc brooch from NHER 15539  © Norfolk County Council
  • Roman harness fitting from NHER 15539  © Norfolk County Council
  • Roman unidentified object from NHER 15539  © Norfolk County Council

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TF60SE
Parish:CRIMPLESHAM, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1976 Ordnance Survey air photograph. [1].
Cropmarks.
Possible enclosure, double ditched, approximately 120m by 115m overall, together with other linear features which may represent drainage to or from former pits in field.

Site identified by Kings Lynn Office of Ordnance Survey, reported by [2] and photography inspected by D. Edwards.
See Unit 6 inch scale map overlays.
D. Edwards (NAU) 8 December 1979.

January 1983. Metal detecting.
Context 1 at [3].
Bronze tweezers, widely expanded grips with tips incurved. Faces decorated with design of punched dots.
Compare Whitby Monastery type IV and Sedgeford (14367).
R. Trett (KLM), April 1983.

September 1984. Metal detecting. [4].
At Context 1, virtually same spot as Middle Saxon tweezers (see above).
Fragment of small long brooch, bronze; remains from just below bow to just beyond the eye bumps.
Part of corroded catchplate behind.
Fragment 3cm length.
Identified by E. James (KLM), 14 September 1984.

June 1993. Context 2. Strip about 30m wide along south edge of field under well-grown potatoes, i.e. not very good conditions.
One jar rim and four bodysherds Roman greyware.
One possible jar rim and fourteen bodysherds sandy and organic tempered sherds Early Saxon.
Four bodysherds pimply, three bodysherds and one base sherd sandy Ipswich ware.
Ten jar rims, three sagging bases, thirty seven bodysherds (including one with thumbed strip) Thetford-type.
One possible jar rim, one inturned bowl rim, one bodysherd St.Neots.
One base unglazed Stamford.
Two rim fragments (?jar) and seventy five bodysherd/bases medieval unglazed, predominantly early medieval.
Seventeen glazed Grimston.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 2 July 1993.

October 1993. Metal detecting.
General finds: Roman, Middle Saxon, medieval, post medieval metalwork.
See full list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 8 December 1993.

1993-94. General finds. [5].
Roman, Middle Saxon (S1), Late Saxon, medieval, post medieval coins and metalwork.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 23 August 1994.

November 1994.Metal detecting.
Middle Saxon/Late Saxon bronze strap end with vertical central rib and two rivets.
(S2).
This type is not Scandinavian according to [6] pace [7].
A. Rogerson (NLA) 13 December 1994.

Before 6 July 2005. Metal detecting.
Late Saxon backward turning animal brooch, (S3).
See description in file.
E. Darch (NLA), 19 April 2006.

2002 to May 2006. Metal detecting [8].
Copper alloy seal matrix *TIMETE DOMINVM (Fear the Lord).
See description in file by S. J. Ashley.
E. Darch (NLA), 12 March 2007.

Before February 2008. Metal detecting.
1 Roman probable strap fitting.
2 Middle Saxon sceattas.
1 medieval silver seal matrix (declared Treasure, disclaimed), 1 buckle and 1 suspension stud probably from horse harness.
1 post-medieval buckle.
Coins identified by A. Marsden (NLA), seal matrix by S. Ashley (NLA) and other objects by E. Darch (NLA). See list in file.
E. Darch (NLA) 18 May 2009. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 24 May 2020.

Before 7 July 2011. Metal-detecting.
One pierced Roman coin, one Middle Saxon and one medieval coin, Roman, Early Saxon (S4), Late Saxon and medieval metal objects.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (HES), 30 March 2012.

September 2014. Metal-detecting, Field RC2. Site extended to whole field. [9].
IND24092014ED - PAS details to follow.
A. Beckham (HES), 26 June 2015.

December 2015-December 2016. Metal-detecting. [10].
Undatable unidentified object and iron ferrule.
Medieval strap fittings, and an unidentified object.
Medieval/post-medieval button.
Post-medieval harness mount and pipe tamper.
Information from PAS import.
E. McDonald (HES), 4 May 2017.

Monument Types

  • DOUBLE DITCHED ENCLOSURE (Undated)
  • DRAINAGE DITCH (Undated)
  • LINEAR FEATURE (Undated)
  • SITE (Undated)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • FERRULE (Unknown date)
  • STRAP FITTING (Undated)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Unknown date)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PERSONAL ORNAMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 348 AD to 353 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • GIRDLE HANGER (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • MOUNT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • COIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • PIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • STYLUS (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • TWEEZERS (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • COIN (Middle Saxon - 675 AD to 710 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • TWEEZERS (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BOX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PERSONAL ORNAMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SEAL MATRIX (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOKEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Medieval - 1200 AD to 1300 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1300 AD to 1400 AD)
  • BUTTON (Medieval to 16th Century - 1500 AD to 1600 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HARNESS MOUNT (16th Century to 17th Century - 1600 AD to 1700 AD)
  • PIPE TAMPER (17th Century to 18th Century - 1700 AD to 1800 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Publication: British Museum. 2010. Treasure Act Annual Report 2008. p xxxii.
---Aerial Photograph: OS AP 76 124 376.
---Monograph: Page, W. (ed.). 1906. The Victoria History of Norfolk. The Victoria History of the Counties of England. Vol 2.
---Aerial Photograph: OS 76-124-426.
---Aerial Photograph: OS 76-124-427.
---Aerial Photograph: OS 76-124-428.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Map: Finder's Map..
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Photograph: 1995. LDK 18-19, Middle Saxon strap-end..
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Photograph: 1994. LEA 1-3, Saxon pointed mount..
---Photograph: 1994. LEB 1-2, Early Saxon brooch foot..
---Photograph: 1994. LEB 13-14, Sceat..
---Photograph: 1994. LED, 26-27, Early Saxon brooch foot..
---Photograph: 1994. LED 32-33, Early Saxon brooch fragment..
---Photograph: 1994. LED 34-36, Middle/Late Saxon strap-end..
---Photograph: 1994. LED 30-31, Early Saxon brooch fragment..
<S1>Illustration: Ashley, S.. 1993. Drawing of a Middle Saxon stylus.. Film. 2:1.
<S2>Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
<S3>Illustration: Cattermole, A.. 2006. Drawing of a Late Saxon copper alloy disc brooch.. Film. 2:1.
<S4>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2012. Drawing of an Early Saxon copper alloy tongue-shaped mount.. Film. 2:1.

Related records - none

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