Record Details

NHER Number:12656
Type of record:Monument
Name:World War Two pillbox


A concrete World War Two pillbox for two machine guns. The pillbox was paired with another pillbox, NHER 32421, and both were surrounded by a barbed wire enclosure, NHER 27856, visible on aerial photographs taken in 1945.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TF 8793 4417
Map Sheet:TF84SE

Full description

Pill box.
Concrete, irregular in shape.
Seen by E. Rose (NAU) 28 July 1977.

See(S1) in file by source [1], who adds: Quite rare, type 20/2 pillbox for two heavy machine guns.
Good quality concrete. Date 1940.
Survey No. C3-2.
D. Walker (NLA), July 1996.

18 August 1999. Site visit.
Set into the bank of the sea wall. Remains of earth camouflage mound on top. Otherwise as before.
D. Gurney (NLA), 19 August 1999.

1945. RAF air photography.
Shows pillbox paired with NHER 32421, and both within a barbed wire enclosure (NHER 27856).
A. Miller (Suffolk CC NMP).
D. Gurney (NLA), 13 February 2002.

2000. Field Observation and Desk-based Assessment.
Site visited and considered as part of archaeological assessment of Holkham Estate.
Good condition. Stands on former sea bank.
See report (S2) for further details.
P. Watkins (HES), 28 April 2015.

Monument Types

  • GUN EMPLACEMENT (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)
  • PILLBOX (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1945. RAF 106G/UK/374 Frames 4063-4 (NMR).
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Recording Form: [various]. Norfolk Defensive Structures Survey Recording Form. Norfolk Defensive Structures Survey.
<S2>Unpublished Contractor Report: Penn, K. 2000. The Holkham Estate, Wells-next-the-Sea, Norfolk. Archaeological Survey (Final Report). Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 532.

Related records

32421Related to: World War Two pillbox (Monument)
27856Related to: World War Two pillbox and barbed wire obstruction (Monument)

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