Record Details

NHER Number:11686
Type of record:Monument
Name:Site of post medieval ring ditch


A ring ditch of probable post medieval date is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs. The ring ditch, which has a narrow internal bank, has been levelled and is visible on later aerial photographs as a cropmark. The function of the ring ditch is not known – it could relate to a stack sand or a marsh refuge – but the site appears to be depicted on 19th century maps.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TF 8995 4434
Map Sheet:TF84SE

Full description

Pre 1980, 10 July 1974, 20 June 1974, 21 July 1975.
Ordnance Survey air photograph and NAU air photography.
Cropmark of ring ditch approximately 20m diameter, with central spot.
J.E. Bown (NAU),, 1 October 1980.

21 July 1974. Ordnance Survey air photography.
Positive cropmarks.
Ring ditch.
Ring ditch and central mark.
D. Voisey (NLA), 17 March 1995.

Note the unusual position on marshes, surrounded by marks of channels etc.
See 6" and 1:2500 overlays.
E. Rose (NAU), 2 October 1980.

May 2020. National Mapping Programme (NMP) Data Clean-Up.
The undated ring ditch described above was mapped as part of the Norfolk Coastal NMP Pilot project, undertaken by Suffolk County Council, but no record was added to the NHER. The specific photographs it was mapped from are not known, but a circular earthwork is visible at this location on mid-1940s aerial photographs viewable online (S1). It was mapped with an internal bank, and was suggested to be a possible stack stand or marsh refuge. It appears to be depicted on 19th century historical maps, including the Tithe map (S2) and the Ordnance Survey 1st edition 6 inch map (S3). As described above, the site is visible as a cropmark on more recent aerial photographs and has presumably been levelled.
S. Tremlett (Norfolk County Council, Historic Environment Service), 26 May 2020.

Monument Types

  • RING DITCH (Unknown date)
  • RING DITCH (Bronze Age - 2350 BC? to 701 BC?)
  • RING DITCH (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STACK STAND? (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: OS AP 418 74 178. NAU TF8944 A-E,J,K.
---Aerial Photograph: OS 74-178-418.
---Aerial Photograph: OS 74-178-420.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF Aerial Photographs accessed via Norfolk Historic Maps (
<S2>Map: Tithe map.
<S3>Map: Ordnance Survey. 1886 - 1891. Ordnance Survey Map. Six inches to the mile. First Edition. 1:10,560.

Related records - none

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