Record Details

NHER Number:11315
Type of record:Monument
Name:Cropmark of probable medieval road


An undated but probably medieval road visible as a single linear cropmark on 1969 Hunting Survey vertical aerial photographs.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TF 8976 4352
Map Sheet:TF84SE

Full description

Southern of two linear features (parallel) on Ordnance Survey vertical air photograph, see (S1).
Seems to be a road as indicated on (S2).
E. Rose (NAU).

2000. Field Observation and Desk-based Assessment.
Site visited and considered as part of archaeological assessment of Holkham Estate.
Arable, ploughed, no evidence on ground.
See report (S5) for further details.
P. Watkins (HES), 28 April 2015.

June 2002. Norfolk NMP.
The feature is visible as a parchmark, with an average width of 9m, and with the traces of a narrow ditch on its northern side, (S3). The feature is visible for a length of 920m, running from TF 9021 4349 to TF 8929 4356. This is almost certainly a cropmark of the road depicted on Clerk’s map of 1590 (S4), which is labelled as 'The way from Burnham Market to Sto' further to the west. The road is likely to have been in use in the medieval period, but may actually have been a routeway at an earlier date.
M. Brennand (NMP), 19 June 2002.

Monument Types

  • LINEAR FEATURE (Unknown date)
  • ROAD (Unknown date)
  • LINEAR FEATURE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ROAD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
<S1>Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. OS AP 70 008 054.
<S2>Map: Clerke, T. 1590. The Description of the lordeshippe or mannor of Holkeham as the same lyethe within the meetes and boundes in the countie of Norfolke [Map of Holkham parish].
<S3>Aerial Photograph: Hunting Surveys Ltd. 1969. HSL UK 69949 0148 20-NOV-1969 (SMR TF 8843A).
<S4>Monograph: Williamson, T. 1998. Archaeology of the Landscape Park: Garden Design in Norfolk, England, c. 1680-1840. BAR (British Series). Vol 268.
<S5>Unpublished Contractor Report: Penn, K. 2000. The Holkham Estate, Wells-next-the-Sea, Norfolk. Archaeological Survey (Final Report). Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 532.

Related records - none

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