Record Details

NHER Number:11314
Type of record:Monument
Name:Cropmark of medieval trackway


An undated but probably medieval trackway, visible as a single linear cropmark on 1969 Hunting Survey vertical aerial photographs.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TF 8997 4365
Map Sheet:TF84SE

Full description

Northern of two parallel linear features on Ordnance Survey vertical air photograph, see (S1).
Seems to be a road as indicated on (S2).
E. Rose (NAU)

2000. Field Observation and Desk-based Assessment.
Site visited and considered as part of archaeological assessment of Holkham Estate.
Arable, ploughed, no evidence on ground.
See report (S5) for further details.
P. Watkins (HES), 28 April 2015.

June 2002. Norfolk NMP.
The feature is visible for a length of 425m, running from TF 8977 4365 to TF 9019 4360, (S3). The feature is visible as a parchmark, with a maximum width of 21m, although the material has presumably been spread by plough action. This is almost certainly a cropmark of a medieval track or boundary and, although it does not match exactly with features depicted on Clerk’s map of 1590 (S4), it matches the alignment of the boundaries and roads depicted at that time.
M. Brennand (NMP), 19 June 2002.

Monument Types

  • LINEAR FEATURE (Unknown date)
  • ROAD (Unknown date)
  • BOUNDARY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • LINEAR FEATURE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TRACKWAY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TF 84 SE 25.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
<S1>Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. OS AP 70 008 054.
<S2>Map: Clerke, T. 1590. The Description of the lordeshippe or mannor of Holkeham as the same lyethe within the meetes and boundes in the countie of Norfolke [Map of Holkham parish].
<S3>Aerial Photograph: Hunting Surveys Ltd. 1969. HSL UK 69949 0148 20-NOV-1969 (SMR TF 8843A).
<S4>Monograph: Williamson, T.. 1998. Archaeology of the Landscape Park: Garden Design in Norfolk, England, c. 1680-1840.. BAR (British Series). Vol 268. p 44.
<S5>Unpublished Contractor Report: Penn, K. 2000. The Holkham Estate, Wells-next-the-Sea, Norfolk. Archaeological Survey (Final Report). Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 532.

Related records - none

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