Record Details

NHER Number:1017
Type of record:Monument
Name:Site of medieval 'Bosshouse' Manor


The earthworks of a medieval manorial site survive here, standing up to 40cm tall in some places. Other features identified include a disused watercourse with retaining banks, several tofts and a hollow way to the southeast of the site. A prospect mound (mistaken for a mill mound) has also been noted amongst the other earthworks. The fact that a map of 1630 refers to this location as the site of the manor of Bosshouse appears to confirm a manorial origin. The site is now under pasture and survives in a good condition.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TF 8568 3617
Map Sheet:TF83NE

Full description

Earthwork site of three tofts (rubble walling visible on one).
A watercourse disused with retaining banks and probable causeway/barrage across.
A hollow way (?) to the southeast. Earthworks stand to 40cm in places.
D. Edwards (NAU).

29 June 1977.
Man at Norfolk show told E. Rose (NAU) that when a boy in 1939-45 war he watched a surface water drain dug
from barn across this field; it turned up much black pottery 'impressed with reeds' and revealed a circular brick floor that had been burnt. He gave the pottery to the village school but has not seen it since.

[1] believes this to be a manorial site rather than tofts.
E. Rose (NAU) 26 May 1982.

See notes in file

Ordnance Survey account in file also suggests mill mound.
R. J. Rickett (NAU) 19 July 1990

September 1994. Earthwork Survey.
River courses, enclosure boundaries, building outlines and possible fish ponds recorded on earthwork survey at 1:1000.
See report (S2) for plan and further details. This site was included in (S3) and the survey is also noted in (S4).
B. Cushion (NLA) September 1994.

Map of 1630 shows east side of the stream as 'Scite of ye Mannor of Bosshouse' thus appearing to confirm a manorial origin.
Copy in file.
E. Rose (NLA) 17 December 1997.

Scheduled 1998.
The scheduling interprets it as a manorial site with garden earthworks and 'mill mound' being a prospect mound.
E. Rose (NLA) 24 June 1998.

Monument Types

  • FLOOR (Unknown date)
  • CAUSEWAY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FISHPOND (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • GARDEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HOLLOW WAY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MANOR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOFT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOFT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TRACKWAY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WATERCOURSE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WINDMILL MOUND (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • POT (Undated)

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TF8536 A,B,S-T,U-Y.
---Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TF 83 NE 35 [3].
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Archive: Norfolk Monuments Management Project File.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Medieval. Creake (South).
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Collection: Norfolk Historic Environment Record Staff. 1975-[2000]. HER Record Notes. Norfolk Historic Environment Service.
---Designation: English Heritage. 1990-2013. English Heritage Scheduling Notification. Notification. DNF293.
---Designation: English Heritage. 1994? -2011?. English Heritage Digital Designation Record. Record. DNF293.
---Designation: Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 1975-?. Norfolk Archaeological Unit Recommendation for Scheduling. Recommendation. DNF293.
<S1>Article in Monograph: Edwards, D. 1976. The Air Photographs Collection of the Norfolk Archaeological Unit.. Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. No 2 pp 251-269. p 265; Fig 73; Pl XXXIV.
<S2>Unpublished Report: Cushion, B. 1994. South Creake SMR1017. Earthwork Survey Report.
<S3>Monograph: Cushion, B. and Davison, A. 2003. Earthworks of Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. No 104. p 125.
<S4>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 1995. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1994. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt II pp 230-239. p 232.

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