Record Details

NHER Number:2258
Type of record:Monument
Name:Tasburgh Hillfort

Summary

The hillfort here has a single rampart about 3m high, and an internal area of about 20 acres. It is presumed to be of Iron Age date but the presence of Late Saxon fortifications may indicate this was once a burgh. The site has been extensively investigated since the 19th century, and this work has recovered large numbers of Roman, Saxon and medieval pottery sherds and metal items. Surveys have also identified numerous features and earthworks which comprise, amongst others, medieval ditches and pits, Saxon hearths and metalworking areas and prehistoric pits and post holes.

Images

  • Aerial photograph of Tasburgh Iron Age hillfort.  © Norfolk Museums & Archaeology Service

Location

Grid Reference:TM 20 96
Map Sheet:TM29NW
Parish:TASBURGH, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Hillfort, presumed Iron Age, but possibly Late Saxon burgh.

19th century. Roman coin found.
1948. Inconclusive excavation.
1970, 1973. Late Saxon and medieval sherds and flints found.
1975. Excavation on defences.
Excavation of a small area in the south-west corner, beneath 1 meter of post-medieval overburden, a layer which is perhaps later then the 12th century sealed a number of features, most of them being pits. The purpose of these features is not very defined, but they do contain Ipswich ware, Thetford ware and early medieval pottery.
Information from (S3).
Small finds included medeival strap fitting (S5 and S6), strap-end (S7 and S8), knife (S5, S9, S10 amd S11), strike-a-light (S5, S9, S12 and S13), buckle (S5, S9 and S14) complete and incomplete pins, (S5, S9, S15 and S16), a socketed arrowhead (?S5, ?S9, ?S17) an unidentified copper alloy object (S5, S9 and S18) and a loom weight (S19 and S20).
M. Langham-Lopez (HES), 10 June 2013.

1976 and 1979. Medieval sherds found.
1980. Excavation.
Carried out in the south-west corner of what was thought to be an Iron Age hillfort. This excavation produced a scatter of lpswich-type and also Thetford-type ware, found under the tail of the bank and above a substantial flint industry which had Middle Neolithic sherds. This would then indicate that at least part of the hillfort is dated to the late 9th century.
Information taken from (S4).
M. Langham-Lopez (HES), 14 June 2013.

1981. Medieval wall excavated.
1981-84. Finds of medieval sherds and flints.
1990. Excavation by NAU revealed Neolithic and medieval pits and ditches etc.
1994. Fieldwalking and metal detecting. Roman, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon, medieval sherds, flints, medieval metalwork.
1996. Earthwork survey.
1997. Late Saxon, medieval, post medieval sherds found.
See full details, schedule, photographs, press cuttings in file.
E. Rose (NLA), March 1996

14 June 1996. NLA aerial photography.
Photographs taken of Tasburgh hillfort.
S. Massey (NLA), 8 August 2001.

10 September 1997. Watching Brief.
Excavation of foundations for conservatory at the rear of 'Owl's Wood'. No archaeologically significant features or deposits.
See report (S21).
C. Phillips (NAU), September 1997.

June 2006.
Scheduled monument consent granted concerning the errection of a bench seat.
See (S1) for further details
H. White (NLA), 6 April 2009

Monument Types

  • DITCH (Unknown date)
  • POST HOLE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • PIT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • HILLFORT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • METAL WORKING SITE (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • BUILDING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BURH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • DITCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • HEARTH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • HEARTH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • METAL WORKING SITE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • PIT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • TIMBER FRAMED BUILDING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • DITCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PIT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WALL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • BRIQUETAGE (Undated)
  • LOOMWEIGHT (Undated)
  • PENDANT (Undated)
  • PIN (Undated)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • MICROLITH (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • HAMMERSTONE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • LEAF ARROWHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • BRIQUETAGE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • MOLLUSCA REMAINS (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • ARROWHEAD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • AWL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CANDLE HOLDER (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FLESH HOOK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HARNESS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KNIFE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • NAIL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PLANT REMAINS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • QUERN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SCISSORS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRIKE A LIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TEXTILE EQUIPMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOKEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BOOK FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DRESS COMPONENT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: HP 31-3, MJ, MK, RB, RC, FWW, BMT, BMU.
---Aerial Photograph: TM1996 A-B,P-W,Z-AG.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TM 2026V-AE.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TM 2096R - U.
---Archive: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 1997. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1996. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt IV pp 547-564. p 560.
---Thesis: Garrow, D.. 2006. Pits, Settlement and Deposition during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age in East Anglia. during the Neolithic and Early Pits, Settlement and Deposition during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age in East Anglia.
---Leaflet: A Short History of Tasburgh or Tasebrough..
---Article in Serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 1995. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1994. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt II pp 230-239. p 237.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Neolithic. Tasburgh [2].
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Iron Age. Tasburgh [2].
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Roman. Tasburgh.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Slide: Various. Slide. 1-49.
---Fiche: Exists.
<S1>Scheduling Record: DCMS. 2006. Scheduled monument consent.
<S2>Article in Monograph: Rogerson, A. and Lawson, A. J. 1992. The Earthwork Enclosure at Tasburgh. The Iron Age Forts of Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. Davies, J. et al. No 54 pp 31-58. pp 31-58.
<S3>Article in Serial: Webster, L. E. and Cherry, J. 1976. Medieval Britain in 1975. Medieval Archaeology. Vol XX pp 158-201. p168.
<S4>Article in Serial: Youngs, S. M. and Clark, J. 1981. Medieval Britain in 1980. Medieval Archaeology. Vol XXV pp 166-228. p174.
<S5>Illustration: Unknown. Unknown. Sketches of small finds from the excavations of Tasburgh Hillfort.. Film. 1:1.
<S6>Illustration: Unknown. Unknown. Drawing of a Late Saxon/medieval copper alloy strap fitting.. Film. 1:1.
<S7>Illustration: Unknown. Unknown. Sketch of a Late Saxon/medieval copper alloy strap end.. Film. 2:1.
<S8>Illustration: Unknown. Unknown. Drawing of a Late Saxon/medieval copper alloy strap end.. Film. 2:1.
<S9>Illustration: Unknown. Unknown. Sketches of small finds from the excavations of Tasburgh Hillfort.. Film. 1:1.
<S10>Illustration: Unknown. Unknown. Drawing of a Late Saxon/medieval knife.. Film. 1:1.
<S11>Illustration: Unknown. Unknown. Drawing of a Late Saxon/medieval knife.. Film. 1:1.
<S12>Illustration: Unknown. Unknown. Drawing of a Late Saxon/medieval strike-a-light. Film. 1:1.
<S13>Illustration: Unknown. Unknown. Drawing of a Late Saxon/medieval strike-a-light. Film. 1:1.
<S14>Illustration: Unknown. Unknown. Drawing of a Late Saxon/medieval buckle.. Film. 1:1.
<S15>Illustration: Unknown. Unknown. Drawing of a medieval pin.. Film. 1:1.
<S16>Illustration: Unknown. Unknown. Drawing of a medieval pin.. Film. 1:1.
<S17>Illustration: Unknown. Unknown. Drawing of a socketed arrowhead.. Film. 1:1.
<S18>Illustration: Unknown. Unknown. Drawing of an unidentified copper alloy object.. Film. 1:1.
<S19>Illustration: Unknown. Unknown. Sketche of a medieval loom weight.. Film. 1:1.
<S20>Illustration: Unknown. Unknown. Drawing of a medieval loom weight.. Film. 1:1.
<S21>Unpublished Contractor Report: Phillips, C. 1998. Results of a Watching Brief at Owls Wood, Church Road, Tasburgh, Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 264.

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