Record Details

NHER Number:9815
Type of record:Monument
Name:Possible Roman settlement

Summary

Aerial photographs of this area show cropmarks of possible Roman field systems and settlement, although some of these may in fact relate to later agricultural features. Metal detecting here has recovered a wide range of Roman finds including coins, brooches, a copper alloy statuette of a goat and a votive model eye. Some of the cropmarks previously recorded at this site are now under NHER 52252.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 24 04
Map Sheet:TG20SW
Parish:CAISTOR ST EDMUND, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Some of the cropmarks previously recorded at this site are now under NHER 52252.

Site XXVIII.

1946 RAF air photograph.
Showed chequer board road plan with houses. See Notes.

1949.
Examined by R. R. Clarke (NCM) one site at least coincided with known site of Roman house. Noted by OSO Archaeology Branch.
See (S1).
R. R. Clarke (NCM).

Roman field system.
R. R. Clarke (NCM).

Marks at [1] are a farm of 1840.
E. Rose (NLA).

Pre June 1990.
Numbered finds on (S2) in file; but finds (mostly post medieval) not individually numbered.
Two Roman coins, see list in file.
Four Roman sherds in one area; two jar rims and one bodysherd Roman greyware.
Body sherd of large oxidised jar with stabbed decoration.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 19 June 1990.

April 1991. See Notes.
Three Roman coins (see list in file).
Medieval strap end of rectangular folded sheet secured at open end with two rivets; decorated on front with longitudinal ribs.
Identified by S. Margeson (NCM).
A. Rogerson (NLA), 3 May 1991

February 1993. Metal detecting.
General finds in west part of field.
Roman copper alloy goat, probably with a votive association. 30mm long, 43mm high. One horn broken off at stump, (S4).
Identified by J. Davies (NCM).
Compare with examples from London and North Stow. See (S3).
See (S5).
A. Rogerson (NLA)

November/December 1994. Metal detecting.
Roman coin.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 6 January 1995.

October 2001. Metal detecting.
Medieval, post medieval and undatable metal finds.
See list in file.
S. Ashley (NLA), 6 December 2001.

November 2001. Metal detecting.
Undatable prehistoric flint flake.
See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 22 January 2001.

January 2002. Metal detecting.
Roman greyware body sherd.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 4 March 2002.

April 2002. Metal detecting.
Roman votive model of an eye in area centred [2].
See description and (S6) in the Illustration Library.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 31 May 2002.

May/June 2002. Metal detecting.
One Roman and one post medieval coin.
Post medieval cloth seal.
See lists in file with National Grid References.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 5 July 2002.

September/October 2004. Metal-detecting.
1 Roman coin and 2 brooches (1 trumpet, 1 dolphin).
2 medieval coins.
1 post-medieval coin.
Objects identified by S. Ashley (NLA) and coins identified by A. Marsden (NLA). See lists in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 17 November 2004.
Updated by J. Page (HES), 11 March 2014.

March 2009. Norfolk NMP.
The cropmarks previously recorded under this number are now under NHER 52252. The cropmarks relating to a Roman settlement previously recorded at this location and described as showing a ‘chequer board road plan with houses’. However consultations of the run of aerial photographs and others suggested that the soilmarks visible in April 1946 relate to former post medieval field boundaries and agricultural features such as former pits. The significant amount of Roman finds recovered from this general area are attributed to these apparent cropmarks. However it seems more likely that they finds are associated with the cropmark enclosure and associated fields identified on the later vertical aerial photographs that are recorded under NHER 52252.
S. Horlock (NMP), 24 March 2009.

Monument Types

  • BUILDING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FIELD SYSTEM? (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROAD? (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT? (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FIELD SYSTEM (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • FLAKE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • CEREMONIAL OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FIGURINE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • VOTIVE MODEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLOTH SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPUR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: RAF. RAF 106G/UK/1606 3063-4.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Roman. Caister-by-Norwich.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Serial: 1949. Norfolk Research Committee Bulletin. Series 1 No 1 (for 1948).
<S2>Map: Finder's Map..
<S3>Monograph: Green, M.J. 1978. British Archaeological Report.. British Archaeological Report. 24. pl. XX, C and F.
<S4>Illustration: Tully, L.. Unknown. Drawing of a Roman goat figurine.. Paper. 1:1.
<S5>Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
<S6>Illustration: Gibbons, J.. 2002. Drawing of a Roman copper alloy votive model eye.. Film. 2:1.

Related records - none

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