Record Details

NHER Number:9788
Type of record:Monument
Name:Early Saxon cemetery and Roman kilns

Summary

Excavations here in the 19th century uncovered an Early Saxon cremation cemetery and a Roman pottery producing centre. Possible evidence of Roman glass manufacture was also uncovered. Aerial photographs show a cropmark of a rectangular enclosure at this site, which is now recorded under NHER 52329.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 22 03
Map Sheet:TG20SW
Parish:CAISTOR ST EDMUND, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

The cropmarks previously recorded under this number are now under 52329.

White's Hill, Early Saxon cremation cemetery southwest of Markshall Farm.

1814 to 1831. Excavation.
Excavation of Early Saxon cremation cemetery.

1822. Excavation.
Roman kiln and evidence of glass working excavated.

1948 to 1949. Excavation.
Excavation of Roman kilns, Middle Saxon and Early Saxon cemetery.

1956 to 1957. Aerial photographs.
Cropmarks noted.
See full details in file.
E. Rose (NAU), 19 October 1990.

March 2009. Norfolk NMP.
The cropmarks previously recorded under this number are now under 52329, a large area of Early Roman settlement, enclosures and fields, see record for details.
S. Horlock (NMP), 24 March 2009.

Finds recovered in 2011 from this area are now recorded under NHER 60029.
P. Watkins (HES), 1 April 2014.

Monument Types

  • RECTANGULAR ENCLOSURE (Undated)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • ROUND BARROW (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POTTERY KILN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POTTERY WORKS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • CREMATION (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • CREMATION CEMETERY (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)

Associated Finds

  • LAUREL LEAF (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • BRICK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • GLASS WORKING DEBRIS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KILN WASTE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BEAD (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BUCKET (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • COMB (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • CRUCIFORM BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • GAMING PIECE (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • PLANT REMAINS (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • TWEEZERS (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • TWEEZERS (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • VESSEL (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE
  • Scheduled Monument

Sources and further reading

---Article in serial: Clarke, R. R. 1935. Notes on the Archaeology of Markshall. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XXV Pt III pp 354-367. pp 354-367.
---Photograph: I & RS. Digital finds image.
---Archive: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Publication: Myres, J.N.L. & Green, E.B.. 1973. Anglo-Saxon Cemetery of Caistor by Norwich and Markshall. p.230-1. Map 1.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Bronze Age. Caister-by-Norwich [2].
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Roman. Caister-By-Norwich.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Early Saxon. Caistor St Edmund.
---Monograph: Swan, V. G.. 1984. The Pottery Kilns of Roman Britain. Royal Commission on Historical Monuments Supplementary Series. 5.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Middle Saxon. Caistor St Edmund.

Related records

15082Parent of: Dead number (Revoked)

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