Record Details

NHER Number:5255
Type of record:Find Spot
Name:Multi-period prehistoric finds and Roman pottery

Summary

A range of prehistoric worked flints were recovered from this field during the 1950s and 1960s including a Mesolithic microlith and a range of Neolithic and Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age tool including arrowheads, scrapers and several knives. Fieldwalking as part of the Fenland Project identified several discrete scatters of worked and burnt flints. Subseqent metal detecting and fieldwalking recovered additional worked flints, two Middle Bronze Age copper alloy palstaves, a Late Bronze Age spearhead and a sherd of Roman pottery.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TL 69 92
Map Sheet:TL69SE
Parish:FELTWELL, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Pre 1974. Stray Find.
A range of finds were recovered by the late Frank Curtis in this field, which he designated F21A (Context 1). The information on these finds was collated by F. Healy (NAU) who examined Curtis' catalogue and part of his collection. It is noted on (S1) that this area was found by Curtis to be "...well scattered with flint scrapers, flakes etc.". The following Curtis finds are listed in (S2):
1 Neolithic leaf-shaped arrowhead
2 Neolithic transverse petit tranchet derivative arrowheads
2 Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age barbed and tanged arrowheads.
1 Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age plano-convex knife.
The summary of Curtis finds from this field given by (S3) also lists:
1 Mesolithic 'microlith'.
1 scraper.
2 borers.
1 'knife scraper'.
1 flake knife.
3 fabricator.
E. Rose (NLA), 23 November 1993. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 5 November 2013.

4 February 1985. Fenland Project fieldwalking.
Weathered ploughsoil. Two sites identified:

Site FWL 91 (TL 6936 9278; Context 3).
Concentration of pot boilers moderate and few bits bone. 20m east to west x 12m north to south. .
R. Silvester (NAU), 8 February 1985.

Site FWL ??? (TL 6936 9269; Context 5).
On flat loam ridge with some marl and peat intermixed. Moderate concentration of flints, very sparse potboilers and sparse bone fragments. May be an extension of adjacent site but there does seem to be a break in the distribution between the two. Only small sample flint collected. Max dimensions 80m east to west x 77m north to south. Previously recorded under NHER 21136.

Site FWL CE now recorded under NHER 5266. For further details see project archive (S4) and final publication (S5).
R. J. Silvester (NAU), 8 February 1985. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 5 November 2013.

1989 to 1990. Fenland Evaluation Project Auger Survey.
Auger traverse across site in area of Context 5 and surrounding residual peat. Samples kept for analysis.
M. D. Leah (NAU), August 1990

November 1993. Fieldwalking.
Worked flints found at TL 6936 2928 (Context 4):
1 Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age barbed and tanged arrowhead.
1 scraper.
Found in southern part of field:
1 Neolithic leaf arrowhead. Previously recorded under NHER 32222.
1 Roman pottery sherd (beaded bowl rim). Previously recorded under NHER 32222.
See file for full descriptions of worked flints by P. Robins (NCM).
W. Milligan (NCM) 23 November 1993. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 5 November 2013.

January 1995. Fieldwalking finds.
1 Neolithic flint leaf arrowhead.
1 flake from Neolithic polished flint axehead.
Previously recorded under NHER 32222.
See file for full descriptions of worked flints and sketch of axehead fragment by P. Robins (NCM).
W. Milligan (NCM) 24 October 1996. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 5 November 2013.

April 2002. Metal detecting.
Two Middle Bronze Age palstaves found 18m apart at TL 6940 9280:
No 1 a finished example
No 2 unfinished and retaining casting flashes
See illustrations (S6), (S7) and copy of finder's map (S8) and PAS report in file (S9).
A. Rogerson (NLA), 29 August 2002.

31 March 2005. Metal detecting, site extended,.
Found on slight chalky rise at TL 6927 9270:
1 Late Bronze Age copper alloy spearhead.
See illustration (S10) and full description in file. Previously recorded under NHER 32222.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 17 June 2005.

Monument Types

  • BURNT MOUND? (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 1001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Undated)
  • BORER (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FABRICATOR (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLAKE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • KNIFE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT BOILER (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • MICROLITH? (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • LEAF ARROWHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • LEAF ARROWHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • LEAF ARROWHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POLISHED AXEHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • TRANSVERSE ARROWHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • PLANO CONVEX KNIFE (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • BARBED AND TANGED ARROWHEAD (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • BARBED AND TANGED ARROWHEAD (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • PALSTAVE (Middle Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 1001 BC)
  • SPEAR (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: NLA. Finds Photograph.
---Archive: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Neolithic. Feltwell.
<S2>Thesis: Healy, F.. 1978. The Neolithic in Norfolk.
<S3>Monograph: Healy, F. 1996. The Fenland Project, Number 11: The Wissey Embayment: Evidence for pre-Iron Age Occupation. East Anglian Archaeology. No 78. Microfiche.
<S4>Archive: Fenland Folders.
<S5>Monograph: Silvester, R. J. 1991. The Fenland Project, Number 4: The Wissey Embayment and the Fen Causeway, Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. No 52.
<S6>Illustration: Ashley, S. 2002. Drawing of a Middle Bronze Age palstave from Feltwell. Film. 1:1.
<S7>Illustration: Ashley, S. 2002. Drawing of an unfinished Middle Bronze Age palstave from Feltwell. Film. 1:1.
<S8>Map: Finder's Map..
<S9>Unpublished document: Hinds, K.. 2002. Portable Antiquities Scheme Object Report.
<S10>Illustration: Gibbons, J. 2005. Drawing of a Late Bronze Age spearhead from Feltwell. Film. 1:1.

Related records - none

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